ईशा उपनिषद्

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
यो लेख वा खण्ड नेपाली भाषामा नभएर अर्को भाषामा लेखिएको छ।
यदि यो लेखमा तपाईंको योगदान छ भने यसलाई नेपाली भाषामा उल्था गर्नुहोला।
एक महिनासम्म उल्थानभएमा यसलाई हटाएर नयाँ लेख बनाइने छ ।
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यो लेखलाई अंग्रेजीबाट नेपालीमा अनुवाद गरिँदैछ
ईशा उपनिषद्को मंगलाचरण

ईश उपनिषद्, ईशोपनिशद् अथवा ईशावास्य उपनिषद् साना उपनिषद्हरूमध्येको एक हो, यसमा जम्मा लगभग १८ श्लोकहरू छन्, अरु वेदान्त सरह यसलाई हिन्दू धर्मको विविध परम्परामा श्रुति शास्त्रको रूपमा मानिन्छ।

The Upanishad constitutes the final chapter (adhyāya) of the Shukla Yajurveda, but is historically one of the latest of the principal (mukhya) Upanishads, dating approximately to Mauryan times.[स्रोत नखुलेको]

The short text covers a wide spectrum of philosophy, religion, ritualism and metaphysics.

The Supreme[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The Isha Upanishad is significant amongst the Upanishads for its description of the nature of the supreme being (Ish). It presents a monist or non-dual perspective of the universe, in that it describes this being as[१] "unembodied, omniscient, beyond reproach, without veins, pure and uncontaminated" (verse ८), one who "moves and does not move', who is 'far away, but very near as well'" and who "although fixed in His abode is swifter than the mind" (verses ४ & ५).

The text then asserts the oneness of the supreme self;

"For the enlightened one all that exists is nothing but the Self"

and asks;

"So how could any delusion or suffering continue for those who know this oneness?"

The later verses take the form of a series of prayers requesting that the speaker be able to see past the supreme light or effulgence in order to understand the true nature of the Supreme Lord.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi thought so highly of this text that he remarked, "If all the Upanishads and all the other scriptures happened all of a sudden to be reduced to ashes, and if only the first verse in the Ishopanishad were left in the memory of the Hindus, Hinduism would live for ever."[२]

Text[सम्पादन गर्ने]

यो section कुनै श्रोत खुलाएको छैन।
कृपया यो लेख सुधार्नभरपर्दो श्रोत खुलाएर सहयोग गरिदिनुहोला। (सहायता, संलग्न हुनुहोस्!)
श्रोत खुलाएर पुष्टि नगरिएका सामाग्रिलाई चुनौती गर्न वा हटाउन सकिने छ। यो लेख September 2010 देखि अङ्कित छ।


In the two shakhas of the Shukla Yajurveda (called VSM and VSK) the order of verses १-८ is the same, however VSK verses ९–१४ correspond to VSM verses १२, १३, १४, ९, १०, ११. VSM १७ is a variation of VSK १५, VSK १६ is lacking in VSM, and VSK १७–१८ correspond to VSM १५–१६. The verse numbers used elsewhere in this article refer to VSK:

VSK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
VSM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 12 13 14 9 10 11 (17) - 15 16

Verse १८ is a Rigvedic verse (RV 1.१८९.१) invoking Agni.

See also[सम्पादन गर्ने]

References[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. Weber 1878:103
  2. Easwaran, Eknath: The Upanishads, Translated for the Modern Reader, page 205. Nilgiri Press, 1987.

Literature[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  • A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Śrī Īśopaniṣad, The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, १९६९.
  • Sri Aurobindo, The Upanishads [१]. Sri Aurobindo Ashram, Pondicherry. १९७२.
  • S. Radhakrishnan. The Principal Upanishads. George Allen and Unwin Ltd. New York. १९६९.
  • Swami Gambhirananda, Eight Upanishads, Vol.१. with the commentary of Shankaracharya. Tr. Advaita Ashrama, Calcutta, २nd edn. १९८९.
  • Albrecht Weber, The History of Indian Literature (१८७८).
  • N.Srinivasagopalan, Isa Upanisad Revisited,Oupanisada Publications, १६, Vayupuri, Secunderabad ५०० ०९४. २००४ ISBN ९७८-८१-७५२५-८३१-० The Subtitle is 'The Recipe for an Enlightened and Joyful Life of High Effectiveness and All-round success'
  • Sri Aurobindo, Isha Upanisad, Sri Aurobindo Asram, Pondichery. १९८६
  • Swami Satyananda Saraswati,Ishavasya Upanishad,Bihar School of Yoga, Monghyr, Bihar, India.१९७३
  • Sri Ganapati Sachchidanada Swamiji, Sri Sachchidananda Avadh००ta Datta Peetham, Mysore. १९९२

External links[सम्पादन गर्ने]

स्रोत[सम्पादन गर्ने]