चेक गणतन्त्र

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
चेक गणतन्त्र
Česká republika
आदर्श वाक्य"Pravda vítězí" (Czech)
"Truth prevails"
राष्ट्रगानKde domov můj? (Czech)
"Where is my home?"
[a]
Location of  चेक गणतन्त्र  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  चेक गणतन्त्र  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

राजधानी प्राग (Praha)
50°05′N 14°28′E / 50.083, 14.467
ठूलो शहर राजधानी
सरकारी भाषा चेक
Officially recognized
minority languages
Slovak,[१] Bulgarian, Croatian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romani, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian and Ukrainian[२]
धर्म (2001) 90.5% Czechs,
3.7% Moravians,
1.9% Slovaks,
3.9% others and unspecified[३]
सरकारको प्रकार सम्वैधानिक गणतन्त्र
 -  राष्ट्रपति Václav Klaus
 -  प्रधानमन्त्री Petr Nečas
Formation
 -  Principality of Bohemia c. 870 – 1198 
 -  Kingdom of Bohemia 1198–1918 
 -  Czechoslovakia 28 October 1918 
 -  Czech Republic 1 January 1993 
क्षेत्रफल
 -  जम्मा ७८,८६६ km2 (116th)
३०,४५० sq mi 
 -  पानी (%) 2
जनसङ्ख्या
 -  2011 अनुमान 10,535,811[४] (78th)
 -  जनगणना 2001 10,230,060 
 -  जनघनत्व 133/km2 (84th)
३४१/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 अनुमान
 -  जम्मा $261.294 billion[५] 
 -  प्रतिव्यक्ति आय $24,869[५] 
GDP (nominal) 2010 अनुमान
 -  जम्मा $192.152 billion[५] 
 -  प्रतिव्यक्ति आय $18,288[५] 
Gini (2008) 26 (low) (4th)
HDI (2010) 0.841[६] (very high) (28th)
मुद्रा चेक कोरुना (CZK)
समय क्षेत्र CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
सडक प्रयोग दायाँ
इन्टरनेट TLD .cz³
टेलिफोन कोड नं. +4204
1 30 June 2010 (See Population changes).
2 Rank based on 2009 IMF data.
3 Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.
4 Shared code 42 with Slovakia until 1997.
^ a. Rhetorical question meaning "Those places where my homeland lies".

चेक गणतन्त्र The Czech Republic (/ˈɛk/ chek;[७] चेक: Česká republika, उच्चारण [ˈtʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka] ( listen), छोटो रूप Česko चेक उच्चारण: [ˈtʃɛskɔ]) मध्य युरोपमा अवस्थित भूपेरिवेष्ठित राष्ट्र हो । यो उत्तरमा पोल्याण्ड, पश्चिममा जर्मनी, दक्षिणमा अष्ट्रिया र पूर्वमा स्लोभाकियाले घेरिएको छ। यसको राजधानी तथा ठुलो सहर प्राग हो, जसमा १३ लाख जनसङ्ख्या रहेकोछ।


जनसंख्या[सम्पादन गर्ने]

इतिहास[सम्पादन गर्ने]

भूगोल[सम्पादन गर्ने]

राज्यनीति[सम्पादन गर्ने]

अर्थतन्त्र[सम्पादन गर्ने]

धर्म[सम्पादन गर्ने]

जीवनशैली[सम्पादन गर्ने]

अरु सम्बन्धित विषयहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

सन्दर्भ सामाग्रीहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. Slovak language is defined as official language together with Czech language by several laws – e.g. law 500/2004, 337/1992. Source: http://portal.gov.cz. Cited: "Například Správní řád (zákon č. 500/2004 Sb.) stanovuje: "V řízení se jedná a písemnosti se vyhotovují v českém jazyce. Účastníci řízení mohou jednat a písemnosti mohou být předkládány i v jazyce slovenském..." (§16, odstavec 1). Zákon o správě daní a poplatků (337/1992 Sb.) „Úřední jazyk: Před správcem daně se jedná v jazyce českém nebo slovenském. Veškerá písemná podání se předkládají v češtině nebo slovenštině..." (§ 3, odstavec 1). http://portal.gov.cz
  2. Citizens belonging to minorities, which traditionally and on long-term basis live within the territory of the Czech Republic, enjoy the right to use their language in communication with authorities and in front of the courts of law (for the list of recognized minorities see National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic). The article 25 of the Czech Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms ensures right of the national and ethnic minorities for education and communication with authorities in their own language. Act No. 500/2004 Coll. (The Administrative Rule) in its paragraph 16 (4) (Procedural Language) ensures, that a citizen of the Czech republic, who belongs to a national or an ethnic minority, which traditionally and on long-term basis lives within the territory of the Czech Republic, have right to address an administrative agency and proceed before it in the language of the minority. In case that the administrative agency doesn't have an employee with knowledge of the language, the agency is bound to obtain a translator at the agency's own expense. According to Act No. 273/2001 (About The Rights of Members of Minorities) paragraph 9 (The right to use language of a national minority in dealing with authorities and in front of the courts of law) the same applies for the members of national minorities also in front of the courts of law.
  3. CIA – The World Factbook – Czech Republic
  4. Czech Statistical Office estimated czech population on March 31st 2011 (cited June 20th 2011)
  5. ५.० ५.१ ५.२ ५.३ "Czech Republic" 
  6. "Human Development Report 2010", 2010 
  7. Oxford English Dictionary, second edition, Oxford University Press, 1989.