जलपाईगुडी जिल्ला

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
यो लेख वा खण्ड नेपाली भाषामा नभएर अर्को भाषामा लेखिएको छ।
यदि यो लेखमा तपाईंको योगदान छ भने यसलाई नेपाली भाषामा उल्था गर्नुहोला।
एक महिनासम्म उल्थानभएमा यसलाई हटाएर नयाँ लेख बनाइने छ ।

ढाँचा:ज्ञानबाकस भारतका जिल्लाहरू

जलपाईगुडी जिल्ला उत्तर बंगालको सबैभन्दा ठूलो जिल्ला हो। यसले ६,२४५ बर्ग कि. मि. भुखण्ड समेटेको छ। यो २६°१६' र २७ ° ०' उत्तरी अक्षांश तथा र ८८ ° ४ ' र ८९ ° ५३' पूर्व देशान्तरको बीचमा अवस्थित छ। यो जिल्ला १८६९मा स्थापित गरीएको थियो।

जिल्लाको सदरमुकाम जलपाईगुडी शहर हो, जो उत्तर बंगालको प्रदेशिक मुख्यालय पनि हो र पर्यटन, वन, पहाड, चिया बागन, प्राकृतिक सुंदरता और टोटो जस्ता जनजातिहरूको एक विस्तृत विविधता, आदि संबंधमा यसको विशेष महत्व छ।

भुगोल[सम्पादन गर्ने]

हावापानी[सम्पादन गर्ने]

औसत वार्षिक वर्षा ३१६० मि.मी. र साल भरी औसत तापमान शृंखला ३०.९ देखि १०.८ डिग्री हुन्छ। औसत सापेक्षिक आर्द्रता करिव ८२% हुन्छ।

भौगोलिक अवस्थिति[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The entire topography is crisscrossed with rivulets, rivers and hills. Jalpaiguri - this narrow stretch of land lying between the Sikkim - Darjeeling Himalayas and Gangetic West Bengal has more than often evoked a sense of both eerie and romanticism in many a heart since the early British Rule. Veined by mighty rivers like the Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka, Raidak, Dyna, Neora, Sankosh etc. this piece of land has been aptly named as the land of 'Tea, Timber and Tourism'. A major stretch of area is bordered in the north by Bhutan and hence the name - Dooars/Duars which mean - Door of Bhutan.

यतायात[सम्पादन गर्ने]

It is well connected by rail, road and air from any part of the country. One can avail train up to Jalpaiguri / Jalpaiguri Road / New Jalpaiguri Stn. By road it is well connected with rest of the country. Air travel is available up to Bagdogra (Siliguri) and from there it is well connected by a ५८ km. road.

इतिहास[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The name Jalpaiguri came from the Rajbongshi/Kamatapuri word jalpai meaning "olive" because of the olives which grew in the town and were seen even in १९००. The suffix guri means a place. Jalapaiguri is one part of the ancient Koch Rajbongshi Kingdom, i.e., Kamatapur. Presently Jalpaiguri is the part of West Bengal which is situated in North Bengal. It is mainly inhabited by the Rajbongshi community of this area. The name can also be associated with Jalpesh, the presiding deity (Shiva) of the entire region.

पश्चिम बंगालको उत्तरी भागमा अवस्थित यो जिल्लाको भुटान र बंगलादेशसँग क्रमशः उत्तर र दक्षिणमा अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय सीमार पूर्व, पश्चिम और उत्तरमा असम र दार्जिलिङ्ग की पहाडसँग जिल्ला सीमा छ ।

Subdivisions[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The district comprises three subdivisions:

Subdivisies:

  • Jalpaiguri Sadar,
  • Malbazar and
  • Alipurduar

Jalpaiguri Sadar consists of Jalpaiguri and Rajganj municipalities and Jalpaiguri Sadar, Dhupguri, Maynaguri and Rajganj community development blocks.

Malbazar subdivision, also known as Mal subdivision, consists of Malbazar municipality and three community development blocks: Mal, Matiali and Nagrakata.

Alipurduar subdivision consists of Alipurduar municipality and six community development blocks: Madarihat–Birpara, Alipurduar–I, Alipurduar–II, Falakata, Kalchini and Kumargram.[१]

Jalpaiguri is the district headquarters. There are १७ police stations, १३ development blocks,[२] ४ municipalities.

Each subdivision contains one municipality each along with community development blocks which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns.[३] Siliguri municipal corporation, which lies mainly in Darjeeling district, has १५ out of ४७ wards in Jalpaiguri district. In total there are १७ urban units: ४ municipalities, १२ census towns and १४६ gram panchayats in this district. Also, Alipurduar city, Alipurduar Railway Junction, Sobhaganj, Chechakhata and Paschim Jitpur are part of a urban agglomeration.

Jalpaiguri Sadar subdivision[सम्पादन गर्ने]

It consists of a municipality, Jalpaiguri, and ४ Community Development Block

  • Jalpaiguri community development block consists of rural areas only with १४ gram panchayats.
  • Mainaguri community development block consists of rural areas with १६ gram panchayats and one census town: Mainaguri.
  • Dhupguri community development block consists of rural areas with १६ gram panchayats and two census towns: Banarhat Tea Garden and Gairkata.
  • Rajganj community development block consists of rural areas only with १२ gram panchayats.

माल बजार मह्कुमा[सम्पादन गर्ने]

It consists of a municipality, Jalpaiguri, and ४ Community Development Block

  • Mal community development block consists of rural areas only with १२ gram panchayats.
  • Metiali community development block consists of rural areas only with ५ gram panchayats.
  • नगरकट्टा community development block consists of rural areas only with ५ gram panchayats.

Alipurduar subdivision[सम्पादन गर्ने]

It consists of a municipality, Alipurduar, and ६ Community Development Block :

Police stations[सम्पादन गर्ने]

There are १६ police stations in the district, viz.:[२]

  1. Alipurduar
  2. बानरहाट
  3. भक्तिनगर
  4. बिरपारा
  5. Dhupguri
  6. Falakata
  7. जयगाऊँ
  8. Jalpaiguri (Kotwali)
  9. कालचिनि
  10. Kumargram
  11. मादरीहाट
  12. Malbazar
  13. Matelli
  14. Mainaguri
  15. नगरकट्टा
  16. Rajganj

Samuktala

टेलिफोन[सम्पादन गर्ने]

There are six telephone area codes of Jalpaiguri district. They are 03561, 03562, 03563, 03564, 03565, 03566.

बिधानसभा क्षेत्र[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The district is divided into 12 assembly constituencies:[४]

  1. Kumargram (ST) (assembly constituency no. १०),
  2. Kalchini (ST) (assembly constituency no. ११),
  3. Alipurduars (assembly constituency no. १२),
  4. Falakata (SC) (assembly constituency no. १३),
  5. Madarihat (ST) (assembly constituency no. १४),
  6. Dhupguri (SC) (assembly constituency no. १५),
  7. Nagrakata (ST) (assembly constituency no. १६),
  8. Maynaguri (SC) (assembly constituency no. १७),
  9. Mal (ST) (assembly constituency no. १८),
  10. Kranti (assembly constituency no. १९),
  11. Jalpaiguri (assembly constituency no. २०) and
  12. Rajganj (SC) (assembly constituency no. २१).

Kumargram, Kalchini, Madarihat, Nagrakata and Malbazar constituencies are reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST) candidates. Falakata, Dhupguri, Mainaguri and Rajganj constituencies are reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Along with one assembly constituency from Cooch Behar district, Kumargram, Kalchini, Alipurduar, Falakata, Madarihat and Nagrakata constituencies form the Alipurduars (Lok Sabha constituency), which is reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST). Dhupguri, Mainaguri, Malbazar, Kranti, Jalpaiguri and Rajganj constituencies form the Jalpaiguri (Lok Sabha constituency), which also contains one assembly constituency from Cooch Behar district.

Impact of delimitation of constituencies[सम्पादन गर्ने]

As per order of the Delimitation Commission in respect of the delimitation of constituencies in the West Bengal, the district will be divided into १२ assembly constituencies:[५]

  1. Kumargram (ST) (assembly constituency no. १०),
  2. Kalchini (ST) (assembly constituency no. ११),
  3. Alipurduars (assembly constituency no. १२),
  4. Falakata (SC) (assembly constituency no. १३),
  5. Madarihat (ST) (assembly constituency no. १४),
  6. Dhupguri (SC) (assembly constituency no. १५),
  7. Maynaguri (SC) (assembly constituency no. १६),
  8. Jalpaiguri (SC) (assembly constituency no. १७),
  9. Rajganj (SC) (assembly constituency no. १८),
  10. Dabgram-Phulbari (assembly constituency no. १९),
  11. Mal (ST) (assembly constituency no. २०) and
  12. Nagrakata (ST) (assembly constituency no. २१).

Kumargram, Kalchini, Madarihat, Malbazar and Nagrakata constituencies will remain to be reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST) candidates. Falakata, Dhupguri, Mainaguri, Jalpaiguri and Rajganj constituencies will be reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Along with one assembly constituency from Cooch Behar district, Kumargram, Kalchini, Alipurduar, Falakata, Madarihat and Nagrakata constituencies will continue to form the Alipurduars (Lok Sabha constituency), which will be reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST). Along with one assembly constituency from Cooch Behar district, Dhupguri, Mainaguri, Jalpaiguri, Rajganj, Dabgram-Phulbari, and Malbazar constituencies will form the Jalpaiguri (Lok Sabha constituency), which will be reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC).

See also[सम्पादन गर्ने]

References[सम्पादन गर्ने]

External links[सम्पादन गर्ने]


Erioll world.svgनिर्देशाङ्क: 26°42′N 89°00′E / 26.7, 89

जलपाईगुडी जिल्ला भारतको पश्चिम बङ्गाल प्रान्तको १९ वटा जिल्लाहरू मध्य एउटा जिल्ला हो।

ढाँचा:पश्चिम बङ्गालका जिल्लाहरू