ढाँचा:Infobox carbon

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्

| colspan=2 style="text-align: center" | Main article: Isotopes of carbon

boroncarbonnitrogen
-

C

Si
उपस्थिति
clear (diamond) & black (graphite)


Spectral lines of Carbon
साधारण गुणहरू
नाम, संकेत, संख्या carbon, C, 6
उच्चारण /ˈkɑrbən/
तत्वको प्रकार nonmetal
समुह, पेरियोड, व्लक 142, p
मानक आणविक भार 12.0107(8)
इलेक्ट्रोन वितरण 1s2 2s2 2p2 or [He] 2s2 2p2
प्रति सेल इलेक्ट्रोनहरू 2,4 (Image)
भौतिक गुणहरू
अवस्था Solid
घनत्व (near r.t.) amorphous:[१] 1.8–2.1 g·cm−3
घनत्व (near r.t.) graphite: 2.267 g·cm−3
घनत्व (near r.t.) diamond: 3.515 g·cm−3
उर्ध्वपातन विन्दु 3915 K, 3642 °C, 6588 °F
ट्रिपल विन्दु 4600 K (4327°C), 10800[२][३] kPa
फ्युजनको ताप 117 (graphite) kJ·mol−1
मोलार ताप क्षमता 8.517(graphite),
6.155(diamond) J·mol−1·K−1
आणविक गुणहरू
अक्सिडेसन स्थितिs 4, 3 [४], 2, 1 [५], 0, -1, -2, -3, -4[६]
इलेक्ट्रो निगेटिभिटी 2.55 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
(more)
1st: 1086.5 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2352.6 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 4620.5 kJ·mol−1
कोभ्यालेन्ट अर्धव्यास 77(sp³), 73(sp²), 69(sp) pm
भ्यान डर वाल अर्धव्यास 170 pm
अरु गुणहरू
चुम्बकिय सूचिकरण diamagnetic[७]
थर्मल कन्डक्टिभिटी 119-165 (graphite)
900-2300 (diamond) W·m−1·K−1
थर्मल एक्सपान्सन (25 °C) 0.8 (diamond) [८] µm·m−1·K−1
आवाजको गति (thin rod) (20 °C) 18350 (diamond) m·s−1
Young's modulus 1050 (diamond) [८] GPa
Shear modulus 478 (diamond) [८] GPa
Bulk modulus 442 (diamond) [८] GPa
Poisson ratio 0.1 (diamond) [८]
Mohs hardness 1-2 (Graphite)
10 (Diamond)
CAS registry number 7440-44-0
सबै भन्दा स्थिर आइसोटपहरू
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP

15

12C 98.9% 12C is stable with 6 neutrons
13C 1.1% 13C is stable with 7 neutrons
14C trace 5730 y β- 0.156 14N
· r

References

  1. Lide, D. R., ed. (2005), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.), Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press, ISBN 0-8493-0486-5 
  2. Haaland, D (1976), "Graphite-liquid-vapor triple point pressure and the density of liquid carbon", Carbon 14: 357, doi 10.1016/0008-6223(76)90010-5 
  3. Savvatimskiy, A (2005), "Measurements of the melting point of graphite and the properties of liquid carbon (a review for 1963–2003)", Carbon 43: 1115, doi 10.1016/j.carbon.2004.12.027 
  4. "Fourier Transform Spectroscopy of the System of CP" 
  5. "Fourier Transform Spectroscopy of the Electronic Transition of the Jet-Cooled CCI Free Radical" 
  6. "Carbon: Binary compounds" 
  7. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.
  8. ८.० ८.१ ८.२ ८.३ ८.४ Properties of diamond, Ioffe Institute Database