Dumi Kirat Rai is an Indigenous ethnic communities of large Kirat Rai People of Nepal. Before to unification of Nepal by King Prithvinarayen Shah they were the local rulers of North Khotang district in their respective land. The last local rulers were Niguhang and Rokobasi. Kepilasgadi and Chinagadi were their ruling headquarters.
Out of total population 231,51,423 (census of 2001) of Nepal there are 61 Indigenous Nationalities which cover 40 % and among it the population of Kirat Rai covers 635151 (2.79%) . It is important to note that among Kirat Rai also, there are 28 sub dialectic groups. One of them is Dumi which has 7 to 9 major same/s (major clans) and 21 Pachas (sub clans). The population of Dumi Kirat Rai is nearly 20000 (0.086 %) as national and international level. Still the government has not taken the actual census about the total population of these Dialectic groups but Dumi speakers have been shown 5271 (0.02%) in the census of 2001. Majority of Dumi kirat Rai lives in Khotang district of eastern Nepal particularly in Baksila, Sapteshwor, Jalpa, Kharmi, Makpa, Khartamchha, Chokhane, Kubhinde, Diktel and Nerpa ( Village Development Committee : Local self government area).. Similarly few of Dumi Rai lives in other districts like Solukhumbu, Bhojpur, Udayapur, Sangkhuwasabha, panchthar, Sunsari, Ilam and Jhapa too. In abroad Darjeling, Sikkim, Assam, Kalingpong (India), Bhutan, Burma, Usa, Uk and Canada also Dumi Rais have been scattered so still the actual population of Dumi Kirat Rai is unknown yet.
The dialectic meaning of "Dumi" indicates different sense ie. organization, association, gathering, etc. but chronologically Dumi signifies the name of a particular person. The genealogy shows that Dumi is the successor of Shangkuhang and the predecessor of Rawadu.
Major Same/s (Major clans) and pachha/s (sub clans) are:
Major Same/s (major clans)
Pachha/s (subclans) 1.
Satma/ Sotma/ Sotmali 2.
Bheksupa Bheksuma (Brasapa Basama)
Harasi, Dimmachu, Sarachu (Serchu Khache), Walakpa, Hamruchu 4.
Chhachhapa-Chhekuma (Khabena-Dubena, Samberma -Duberna, Samer- Dududena, Radung- Rachhepa)
Khabachu, Raichu, Chhachung. 5.
Chhachhapa–Chhasmi (Chhangchhepa Chhangchhema)
Ratku, Hadi, Rangkasu 6.
Dikpa – Dikhama
Luppo Puwalung 7.
Dhikmi - Dikhama
Kharubu, Hajur, Walakpu,, Halaksu
Wachhapa - Wachhama
Turachu Source : Isilim ist Issue and Local survey.
A Hearsay about Dumi : To be a name of Dumi has interesting hearsay. In ancient times the ancestors of Dumi gathered and settled in a place available of big stone and water near by Simpani village of North khotang. When they met said "Ingki dungki" . It means "we met". The term "Dungki " changed into "Dumki" and lastly "Dumki" to "Dumi" the term developed. The land where they gathered began to develop a village and called 'Dumidel.'. In this term Dumi is an inhabitant of Dumidel. The term 'del" means village in Dumi language. Dumidel also began to called Dumdel in later period. Dumdel means the village of Dumi community. In the same way Dumdel is called Dungkulu also. The term Dungkulu has different three meanings ie. Dung , ku and lu . Dung or dum means meeting point, ku means water resources place and lu means stone. Today also a big stone named Dungkulu and the water spring are available here. Today also in many old authentic government documents and papers the name of Dumdel is written everywhere. Ancestors of Dumi people have been saying since very long time and still also different groups of Dumi generations flourished from Dumdel or Dungkulu to other areas now where they are settling. Some of old Dumi people are still telling that even Khaling, Koyu, Nachhiring and Sampang also dispersed from Dumdel