फोक्सोशास्त्र

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्

In medicine, pulmonology (aka pneumology) is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs र the respiratory tract. It is called chest medicinerespiratory medicine in some countries र areas. Pulmonology is generally considered a branch of internal medicine, although it is closely related to intensive care medicine when dealing with patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Surgery of the respiratory tract is generally performed by specialists in cardiothoracic surgery (or thoracic surgery). Chest medicine is not a specialty in itself but is an inclusive term which pertains to the treatment of diseases of the chest र contains the fields of pulmonology, thoracic surgery, र intensive care medicine. Pulmonology is concerned with the diagnosis र treatment of lung diseases, as well as secondary prevention (tuberculosis). Physicans specializing in this area are called pulmonologists.

Diagnosis[सम्पादन गर्ने]

In medicine, ५०% of all diagnoses can be made by a thorough medical history, र lung diseases are no different. The pulmonologist will conduct a general review र focus on:

Physical diagnostics are as important as in the other fields of medicine.

As many heart diseases can give pulmonary signs, a thorough cardiac investigation is usually included.

Other tools include:

Treatment[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Surgical treatment in generally performed by the (cardio)thoracic surgeon, generally after primary evaluation by a pulmonologist.

Medication is the most important treatment of most diseases of pulmonology, either by inhalation (bronchodilatorssteroids) or in oral form (antibiotics, leukotriene antagonists).

Oxygen therapy is often necessary in severe respiratory disease (emphysemapulmonary fibrosis). When this is insufficient, the patient might require mechanical ventilation.

Training[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Pulmonologists are physicians who after receiving a medical degree MD or DO complete residency training in internal medicine (३ years) followed by at least २ additional years of subspeciality fellowship training in pulmonology.

Diseases managed by the pulmonologist[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Scientific research[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Pulmonologists are involved in both clinical र basic research of the respiratory system, ranging from the anatomy of the bronchial epithelium to the most effective treatment of pulmonary hypertension (a disease notoriously resistant to therapy).

External Links[सम्पादन गर्ने]


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