टीन

स्वतन्त्र विश्वकोश, नेपाली विकिपिडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
Tin,  50Sn
Sn-Alpha-Beta.jpg
सामान्य गुणहरू
नाम, संकेत tin, Sn
उच्चारण /ˈtɪn/
उपस्थिति silvery (left, beta) or gray (right, alpha)
पेरियोडिक टेबलमा Tin
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Ge

Sn

Pb
indiumtinantimony
आणविक संख्या 50
मानक आणविक भार 118.710
तत्वको श्रेणी post-transition metal
समुह, ब्लक group 14 (carbon group), p-block
पेरियोड period 5
इलेक्ट्रोन वितरण [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
प्रति सेल 2, 8, 18, 18, 4
भौतिक गुणहरू
अवस्था solid
पग्लने विन्दु 505.08 K ​(231.93 °C, ​449.47 °F)
उम्लने विन्दु 2875 K ​(2602 °C, ​4716 °F)
Density near r.t. (white) 7.365 g·cm−3
(gray) 5.769 g·cm−3
liquid, at m.p. 6.99 g·cm−3
फ्युजनको ताप (white) 7.03 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (white) 296.1 kJ·mol−1
मोलार ताप क्षमता (white) 27.112 J·mol−1·K−1
vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1497 1657 1855 2107 2438 2893
आणविक गुणहरू
अक्सिडेसन अवस्थाहरू 4, 2, -4 (amphoteric oxide)
इलेक्ट्रो निगेटिभिटी Pauling scale: 1.96
आणविक अर्धव्यास empirical: 140 pm
कोभ्यालेन्ट अर्धव्यास 139±4 pm
भ्यान डर वाल अर्धव्यास 217 pm
विविध
क्रिस्टल बनावट Tetragonal (white), diamond cubic (gray)
थर्मल एक्सपान्सन 22.0 µm·m−1·K−1 (at 25 °C)
थर्मल कन्डक्टिभिटी 66.8 W·m−1·K−1
Electrical resistivity 115 n Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic ordering (gray)diamagnetic[१], (white) paramagnetic
Young's modulus 50 GPa
Shear modulus 18 GPa
Bulk modulus 58 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.36
Mohs hardness 1.5
Brinell hardness 51 MPa
CAS Registry Number 7440-31-5
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of tin
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
112Sn 0.97% 112Sn is stable with 62 neutrons
114Sn 0.66% 114Sn is stable with 64 neutrons
115Sn 0.34% 115Sn is stable with 65 neutrons
116Sn 14.54% 116Sn is stable with 66 neutrons
117Sn 7.68% 117Sn is stable with 67 neutrons
118Sn 24.22% 118Sn is stable with 68 neutrons
119Sn 8.59% 119Sn is stable with 69 neutrons
120Sn 32.58% 120Sn is stable with 70 neutrons
122Sn 4.63% 122Sn is stable with 72 neutrons
124Sn 5.79% 124Sn is stable with 74 neutrons
126Sn trace 2.3×105 y β 0.380 126Sb
· सन्दर्भ सामाग्रीहरू


सन्दर्भ सामाग्रीहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.