ढाँचा:Infobox हाइड्रोजन

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
हाइड्रोजन,  1H
Hydrogen discharge tube.jpg
Purple glow in its plasma state
Hydrogen Spectra.jpg
Spectral lines of hydrogen
सामान्य गुणहरू
नाम, संकेत हाइड्रोजन, H
उच्चारण /ˈhdrəən/[१]
hy-drə-jən
उपस्थिति colorless gas
पेरियोडिक टेबलमा हाइड्रोजन
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)


H

Li
– ← हाइड्रोजनहेलियम
आणविक संख्या 1
मानक आणविक भार 1.008(1)
तत्वको श्रेणी diatomic nonmetal, could be considered metalloid
समुह, ब्लक group 1, s-block
पेरियोड period 1
इलेक्ट्रोन वितरण 1s1
प्रति सेल 1
भौतिक गुणहरू
Color colorless
अवस्था gas
पग्लने विन्दु 13.99 K ​(−259.16 °C, ​−434.49 °F)
उम्लने विन्दु 20.271 K ​(−252.879 °C, ​−423.182 °F)
घनत्व at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 0.08988 g·L−1
liquid, at m.p. 0.07 g·cm−3 (solid: 0.0763 g·cm−3)[२]
liquid, at b.p. 0.07099 g·cm−3
ट्रिपल विन्दु 13.8033 K, ​7.041 kPa
क्रिटिकल विन्दु 32.938 K, 1.2858 MPa
फ्युजनको ताप (H2) 0.117 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (H2) 0.904 kJ·mol−1
मोलार ताप क्षमता (H2) 28.836 J·mol−1·K−1
vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 15 20
आणविक गुणहरू
अक्सिडेसन अवस्थाहरू 1, −1 ​(an amphoteric oxide)
इलेक्ट्रो निगेटिभिटी Pauling scale: 2.20
Ionization energies 1st: 1312.0 kJ·mol−1
कोभ्यालेन्ट अर्धव्यास 31±5 pm
भ्यान डर वाल अर्धव्यास 120 pm
विविध
क्रिस्टल बनावट hexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for हाइड्रोजन
ध्वनीको गति 1310 m·s−1 (gas, 27 °C)
थर्मल कन्डक्टिभिटी 0.1805 W·m−1·K−1
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[३]
CAS Registry Number 1333-74-0
इतिहास
खोज Henry Cavendish[४][५] (1766)
Named by Antoine Lavoisier[६] (1783)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of हाइड्रोजन
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
1H 99.9885% 1H is stable with 0 neutrons
2H 0.0115% 2H is stable with 1 neutron

ढाँचा:Infobox element/isotopes decay

· सन्दर्भ सामाग्रीहरू

References

  1. Simpson, J.A. & Weiner, E.S.C. (1989), "Hydrogen", Oxford English Dictionary, 7 (2nd ed.), Clarendon Press, ISBN 0-19-861219-2 
  2. Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils; Holleman, Arnold Frederick (2001), Inorganic chemistry, Academic Press, p. 240, ISBN 0123526515, <http://books.google.com/books?id=vEwj1WZKThEC&pg=PA240> 
  3. "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds", CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (81st ed.), CRC Press 
  4. "Hydrogen", Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry, Wylie-Interscience, 2005, pp. 797–799, ISBN 0-471-61525-0 
  5. Emsley, John (2001), Nature's Building Blocks, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 183–191, ISBN 0-19-850341-5 
  6. Stwertka, Albert (1996), A Guide to the Elements, Oxford University Press, pp. 16–21, ISBN 0-19-508083-1 
प्रलेखन प्रतिक ढाँचा प्रलेखन[हेर्ने] [सम्पादन] [इतिहास] [पर्ज]

Usage[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Be sure to maintain the formatting and order.


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|critical point MPa=
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|heat vaporization=
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|heat capacity=
|heat capacity pressure=
|vapor pressure 1=
|vapor pressure 10=
|vapor pressure 100=
|vapor pressure 1 k=
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|2nd ionization energy=
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|speed of sound=
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|speed of sound rod at r.t.=
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|Vickers hardness=
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|CAS number=
|isotopes=
|isotopes comment=
}}

See also[सम्पादन गर्ने]