दादरा अनि नगरहवेली

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यो लेखलाई अंग्रेजीबाट नेपालीमा अनुवाद गरिँदैछ
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स्थापना ११ अगस्ट १९६१
राजधानी सिलवासा
सबैभन्दा ठूलो सहर
जनसंख्या २२०,४५१
 - घनत्व ७६.१७ वर्ग की०मी० /किमी²
लिंगानुपात महिला:पुरुष=-
जातिहरू नेपाली, भोटिया, लेप्चा, बिहारी
धर्म हिन्दू, बौद्ध, ईसाई
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पुरुष साक्षरता प्रतिशत ७६.७३%
महिला साक्षरता प्रतिशत ६१.४६%
क्षेत्रफल ४८७ वर्ग की०मी० किमी² 
 - जिल्ला संख्या
सरकारी भाषा
राज्यपाल -
मुख्यमन्त्री -
विधायिका -
आइएसओ संक्षेप [[आइएसओ 3166-2|]]


दादरा अनि नगरहवेली is a Union Territory in western India. Nagar Haveli is wedged between Maharashtra and Gujarat, whereas Dadra is an enclave lying a few kilometres north of Nagar Haveli in Gujarat. Its capital is Silvassa. The territory lies some ten to thirty kilometres up-river from the city of Daman.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli are in the watershed of the Daman Ganga River, which flows through the territory. The towns of Dadra and Silvassa both lie on the north bank of the river. The Western Ghats range rises to the east, and the foothills of the range occupy the eastern portion of the district. The territory is landlocked, although the Arabian Sea coast lies just to the west in Gujarat.

The major spoken languages in the territory are Marathi, Hindi and Gujarati.[१]

History[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Portuguese Era[सम्पादन गर्ने]

In 1783, Nagar-Aveli was given to the Portuguese as a compensation for the sinking of a Portuguese ship by the Maratha navy.[clarification needed] Then, in 1785 the Portuguese purchased Dadra. It was administered by the Portuguese Governor of Daman until 1954.

Liberation of Dadra and Nagar Haveli[सम्पादन गर्ने]

After India attained Independence in 1947, the residents of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, with the help of volunteers of organisations like the United Front of Goans (UFG), the National Movement Liberation Organisation (NMLO) and the Azad Gomantak Dal liberated the territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli from Portuguese rule in 1954[२].

Integration into India[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Old map of the territory.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli became, in the eyes of international law, an independent country.[स्रोत नखुलेको] The residents of the former colony requested the Government of India for administrative help. Mr. K.G. Badlani, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) was sent as the administrator.

From 1954 to 1961, the territory was administered by a body called the Varishta Panchayat of Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli.[३][४]

In 1961 when Indian forces took over Goa, Daman, and Diu, Mr. Badlani was, for one day, designated the Prime Minister of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, so that, as Head of State, he could sign an agreement with the Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, and formally merge Dadra and Nagar Haveli with the Republic of India.

Administration[सम्पादन गर्ने]

A Lieutenant Governor administers the territory, which covers an area of 188 sq mi or 487 km² and consists of two talukas:

Dadra is the headquarters of Dadra taluka, comprising Dadra town and two other villages. Silvassa is the headquarters of Nagar Haveli taluka, comprising Silvassa town and 68 other villages.

Economy[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Dadra and Nagar Haveli's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $218 million in current prices.

Manufacturing is the main economy in Dadra and Nagar Haveli as the taxes are low.[६]

References[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. Dadra Nagar Haveli tourism
  2. P S Lele, Dadra and Nagar Haveli: past and present, Published by Usha P. Lele, 1987,
  3. Constitution of India, 10th Amendment
  4. Umaji Keshao Meshram & Ors v. Radhikabhai w/o Anandrao Banapurkar AIR 1986 SC 1272: this judgment mentions the Administration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli in this period
  5. "Census Population" (PDF), Census of India, Ministry of Finance India 
  6. Industries in Dadar and Nagar Haveli

External links[सम्पादन गर्ने]