नेग्रोइड नश्ल

स्वतन्त्र विश्वकोश, नेपाली विकिपिडियाबाट
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नेग्रोइड नश्ल (वा कङ्गोइड) एक मानव नश्लिय वर्गिकरणमा पर्ने प्रमुख नश्ल हो ।[१] अफ्रिका महादेश र दक्षिण एसिया तथा दक्षिणपूर्व एसियाका एकान्त क्षेत्रहरूमा पाइने मानव नश्लको समुहलाई जनाउने नश्ल हो ।[२][३] सुरूवातमा ककेसियनमङ्गोलोइडसँगै परिचित रहेको नेग्रोइड नश्ल संसारको तीन प्रमुख नश्ल मध्ये एक थियो ।[४] विभिन्न समाजशास्त्रीहरूले यसको उतपत्ति वैज्ञानिक अध्ययनबाट नभइ सामाजिक तथा राजनीतिक उद्देश्यबाट भएको बताउँछन् ।[५] यस मानव नश्ल जीवशास्त्रीय वर्गिकरणको रूपमा फोरेन्सिक मानवशास्त्रमा पाइन्छ ।[६]

उपसमुह[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Tasmanian man, Tasmanian type
तास्मानी
Kiwai man, Papuan type
पपुवाई
Central African man, Pygmy type
मध्य अफ्रिकी, पिग्मी
San man, Bushman type
बुसम्यान
Shilluk man, Nilotic type
Khoikhoi man, Hottentot type
Aeta man, Negrito type
Hula man, Papuo-Melanesian type

सन्दर्भ साम्रगीहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. Molnar, Stephen (2006). Human Variation: Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups. Pearson Prentice Hall. pp. 4. ISBN 0131927655. https://books.google.com/books?id=bMO0AAAAIAAJ&redir_esc=y. 
  2. Molnar, Stephen (2006). Human Variation: Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups. Pearson Prentice Hall. pp. 23. ISBN 0131927655. https://books.google.com/books?id=bMO0AAAAIAAJ&redir_esc=y. 
  3. Fish, Jacqueline T. (2010). Crime Scene Investigation. Elsevier. प॰ 395. ISBN 1-4224-6331-1. https://books.google.com/books?id=QOU710F3kB4C&pg=PA395#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. Pickering, Robert (2009). The Use of Forensic Anthropology. CRC Press. प॰ 82. ISBN 1-4200-6877-6. https://www.google.com/books?id=V0JheWC85h4C&pg=PA82#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  5. Susanne Berthier-Foglar, Sheila Collingwood-Whittick, Sandrine Tolazzi (2012). Biomapping Indigenous Peoples: Towards an Understanding of the Issues. Rodopi. प॰ 186. ISBN 9401208662. https://www.google.com/books?id=CW5rbC40IVEC. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति: 11 July 2016. "The [American Anthropological Association] statement is representative of the prevailing view in the contemporary social sciences. Many social scientists have questioned the assumption that race is a scientific or objective reality, contending that it is forged from the discourses of politics, society, and history." 
  6. Roberts, C. A. (2013). Studies in Crime: An Introduction to Forensic Archaeology. Routledge. प॰ 116. ISBN 1135862877. https://www.google.com/books?id=p-jZ6nwokdwC&pg=PA116#v=onepage&q&f=false. "The concept of biological race has different meanings to many people and often becomes confused with social, political and religious concepts of race. Biological race is the result of an adaptive response to success (Gill, 1986, p. 143) with resulting physical variation. Race can be described in terms of appearance (phenotype) and genetics or units of inheritance (genotype). The biological anthropologist examines skeletal remains to assess human racial variation assigning individuals to three main races, Caucasoid, Negroid and Mongoloid"