विकिपिडिया:IPA for French

स्वतन्त्र विश्वकोश, नेपाली विकिपिडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents French pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English approximations are in some cases very rough, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See French phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

French has no word-level stress, so stress marks should not be used in transcribing French words. See here for explanation.

  IPA   Examples English approximation
b beau beau
d doux do
f fête; pharmacie festival
ɡ gain; guerre gain
k cabas; archque; aquarelle; kelvin sky
l loup loop
m mou; femme moo
n nous; bonne no
ɲ agneaux roughly like canyon
ŋ parking sing
p passé spy
ʁ roue; rhume[१] guttural r
s sa; hausse; ce; garçon; option; scie sir
ʃ chou; schème; shampooing shoe
t tout; thé sty
v vous; wagon view
z hasard; zéro zeal
ʒ joue; geai measure
j fief; payer; fille; travail yes
w oui; loi; moyen; web we
ɥ huit between yet and wet
  IPA   Examples English approximation
a patte pat
ɑ pâte; glas[२] bra
e clé; les; chez; aller; pied pay
ɛ mère; est; abdomen; faite best
ɛː fête; mtre[३] best (longer)
ə le; reposer[४] minor (often elided)
i si; île; y beet (shorter)
œ sœur; jeune roughly like bird
(esp. in RP)
ø ceux; jne
o sot; hôtel; haut; bureau mole
ɔ sort; minimum hot
u coup coo (shorter)
y tu; sûr roughly like cute
Nasal vowels
ɑ̃ sans; champ; vent; temps; Jean; taon nasalized [ɑ]
ɛ̃ vin; impair; pain; daim; plein; Reims; bien nasalized [æ]
œ̃ brun, parfum[५] nasalized [œ]
ɔ̃ son; nom nasalized [ɔ]
IPA Example Explanation
ˈ moyen [mwaˈjɛ̃][६] phrasal stress
. pays [pe.i][७] syllable boundary
les agneaux [lez‿aˈɲo] liaison[८]

Notes[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. The French rhotic varies from region to region, though it is often uvular, especially in Northern France; the more common pronunciations include a voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] and a uvular trill [ʀ] and sometimes [χ] (after voiceless consonants).
  2. In European French, /ɑ/ is often replaced by [a].
  3. In European French, /ɛː/ is often replaced by [ɛ].
  4. In French, /ə/ is pronounced with some lip rounding [ɵ̞]; for a number of speakers, it is also more front and may even be phonetically identical to the vowel of sœur [sœʁ].
  5. In European French, /œ̃/ is often replaced by [ɛ̃].
  6. Stress falls on the last full syllable of a phrase, except in emphatic speech.
  7. Used sparingly.
  8. Latent final consonant is pronounced before a following vowel sound.