"तुर्कमेनिस्तान" का संशोधनहरू बिचको अन्तर

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|demonym = तुर्कमेन
}}
 
{{Infobox Country
||native_name = ''Türkmenistan''
|conventional_long_name = Turkmenistan
|common_name = Turkmenistan
|image_flag = Flag of Turkmenistan.svg
|image_coat = Coat_of_Arms_of_Turkmenistan.svg
|symbol_type = Emblem
|image_map = LocationTurkmenistan.svg
|national_motto =
|national_anthem = [[National anthem of Turkmenistan|Independent, Neutral, Turkmenistan State Anthem]]<br />"Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni"
|official_languages = [[Turkmen language|Turkmen]]
|regional_languages =
|languages_type = Language of interethnic <br />communication
|languages = [[Russian language|Russian]]
<!--|minority_languages = [[Russian language|Russian]] -->
|capital = [[Ashgabat]]
|latd=37 |latm=58 |latNS=N |longd=58 |longm=20 |longEW=E
|largest_city = [[Ashgabat]]
|government_type = [[Presidential republic]] [[Single-party state]]
|leader_title1 = [[President of Turkmenistan|President]]
|leader_name1 = [[Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow]]
|area_rank = 52nd
|area_magnitude = 1 E11
|area_km2 = 491,210
|area_sq_mi = 188,456 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
|area_footnote = <ref>Государственный комитет Туркменистана по статистике : Информация о Туркменистане : [http://www.stat.gov.tm/ru/content/info/turkmenistan/ О Туркменистане] : Туркменистан — одна из пяти стран Центральной Азии, вторая среди них по площади (491,21 тысяч км2), расположен в юго-западной части региона в зоне пустынь, севернее хребта Копетдаг Туркмено-Хорасанской горной системы, между Каспийским морем на западе и рекой Амударья на востоке.</ref>
|percent_water = 4.9
|population_estimate = 5,110,000<ref name=unpop>{{Cite journal | url=http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf | title=World Population Prospects, Table A.1| version=2008 revision | format=PDF | publisher=United Nations | author=Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Population Division | year=2009 | accessdate= 2009-03-12}}</ref>
|population_estimate_rank = 112th
|population_estimate_year = 2009
|population_census =
|population_census_year =
|population_density_km2 = 10.5
|population_density_sq_mi = 27.1 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
|population_density_rank = 208th
|GDP_PPP = $31.966 billion<ref name=imf2>{{cite web|url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=925&s=PPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=57&pr.y=14 |title=Turkmenistan|publisher=International Monetary Fund|accessdate=2010-04-21}}</ref>
|GDP_PPP_rank =
|GDP_PPP_year = 2009
|GDP_PPP_per_capita = $5,971<ref name=imf2/>
|GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank =
|sovereignty_type = [[History of Turkmenistan|Independence]]
|sovereignty_note = from the [[Soviet Union]]
|established_event1 = Declared
|established_event2 = Recognized
|established_date1 = 27 October 1991
|established_date2 = 25 December 1991
|HDI = 0.669<ref name="HDI">{{cite web|url=http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf|title=Human Development Report 2010|year=2010|publisher=United Nations|accessdate=5 November 2010}}</ref>
|HDI_rank = 87th
|HDI_year = 2010
|HDI_category = <span style="color:#fc0;">medium</span>
|currency = [[Manat (Turkmenistan)|Turkmen new manat]]
|currency_code = TMT
|country_code = TKM
|time_zone = [[Turkmenistan Time|TMT]]
|utc_offset = +5
|time_zone_DST = ''not observed''
|utc_offset_DST = +5
|drives_on = right
|cctld = [[.tm]]
|calling_code = 993
|demonym = Turkmen
}}
 
'''तुर्कमेनिस्तान''' (तुर्कमेनियाको नामले पनि जानिन्छ) मध्य एशियामा स्थित एक तुर्किक देश हो। १९९१ सम्म तुर्कमेन सोभियत समाजवादी गणराज्य (तुर्कमेन SSR)को रूपमा यो सोभियत संघको एक घटक गणतंत्र थियो। यसको सीमा दक्षिण पूर्वमा [[अफगानिस्तान]], दक्षिण पश्चिममा [[इरान|ईरान]], उत्तर पूर्वमा [[उज्बेकिस्तान]], उत्तर पश्चिममा [[कजाखिस्तान]] अझ पश्चिममा केस्पियन सागर सँग मिल्छ। टर्कमेनिस्तान नाम फारसी देखि आएको छ, जसको अर्थ हो, तुर्कोंको भूमि। देशको राजधानी अश्गाबात छ। यसको सामान्य रूपमामा "प्रेमको शहर" या "शहर जसलाई प्रेमले बनायो"को रूपमा अनुवाद हुन्छ। यो अरबी शब्द इश्क र फारसी प्रत्यय "आबाद" देखि मिलेर बनेको छ।
 
मध्य [[एसिया|एशिया]]मा स्थित यस देशको धरातल धेरै नै विषम छ। यहाँ [[पर्वत जिल्ला|पर्वत]], [[पठार]], [[मरूस्थल]] एवं [[मैदान]] सबै पाइन्छन् तर [[समुद्र]] भन्दा टाढा भएको कारण यहाँको [[जलवायु परिवर्तन|जलवायु]]मा महाद्वीपीय प्रभाव छ। [[पशु-पालन]] यहाँको प्रधान व्यवसाय हो। टर्कमेनिस्तानमा [[वर्षा]]को कमीको कारण [[प्राकृतिक वनस्पति]]को कमी छ। मरुस्थलीय भूमिको अधिकता भएको कारण यहाँको अधिकांश भागहरूमा शुष्क मरुस्थलीय काँडेदार झाडिहरू मिल्छन।
{{-}}
{{स्वतंत्र देशहरूको राष्ट्रकुल}}
 
== परिचय ==
| TM-M || [[Mary, Turkmenistan|Mary]] ||{{convert|87150|km2|sqmi|abbr=on}} || 1,480,400 || 5
|}
 
[[चित्र:Turkmenistan-map.png|thumb|left|270px|Map of Turkmenistan]]
[[चित्र:Dust Storm Over Turkmenistan.jpg|thumb|250px|left|Dust storm over Turkmenistan]]
[[चित्र:TurkmenistanNumbered.png|thumb|250px|left|Provinces of Turkmenistan]]
 
== राज्यनीति ==
[[चित्र:Turkmen man with camel.jpg|thumb|A Turkmen man of Central Asia in traditional clothes. Photo by [[Prokudin-Gorskii]] between १९०५ and १९१५.]]
[[चित्र:PresidentialPalaceAshgabat.jpg|thumb|250px|right|The [[Türkmenbaşy Palace|Presidential Palace]] in [[Ashgabat]]]]
 
== अर्थतन्त्र ==
 
== धर्म ==
[[चित्र:Ertugrul Gazi Mosque in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.jpg|thumb|The [[Ertugrul gazi|Ärtogrul Gazy Mosque]] in [[Ashgabat]] named after the father of [[Osman I|Osman Ghazi]], the founder of the [[Ottoman Empire]]]]
 
== जीवनशैली ==
 
== अरु सम्बन्धित विषयहरू ==
=== Heritage ===
{| class="toc" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="2" style="float:center; margin:0.5em 0.5em 0.5em 1em; padding:0.5e text-align:left; clear:all; margin-left:3px; font-size:90%;"
|-
| colspan="6" style="text-align:center; background:#black; color:white; background-color:green;"|'''Turkmenistan in the list of [[World Heritage Site]]s'''
|-
! style="background:#e8e8e8;" | '''Image'''
! style="background:#e8e8e8;" | '''Name'''
! style="background:#e8e8e8;" | '''Location'''
! style="background:#e8e8e8;" | '''Notes'''
! style="background:#e8e8e8;" | '''Date added'''
! style="background:#e8e8e8;" | '''Type'''
|-
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:center;"|[[चित्र:Cyark merv 3.jpg|80px]]
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:left;"|'''[[Merv|Ancient Merv]]'''
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:left;"|[[Mary, Turkmenistan|Mary]]
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:left;"|a major [[oasis]]-[[city]] in [[Central Asia]], on the historical [[Silk Road]]
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:center;"|1995
| style="background:#efefef;" | Cultural<ref>UNESCO. ''[http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/886 Ancient Merv State Historical and Cultural Park.]''</ref>
|-
| align=center|[[चित्र:KonyeUrgenchMinaret.jpg|80px]]
| align=left| '''[[Köneürgenç]]'''
| align=left|[[Köneürgenç]]
| align=left|unexcavated ruins of the 12th-century capital of [[Khwarezm]]
| align=center|2005
| align=center|Cultural<ref>UNESCO. ''[http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1199 Köneürgenç.]''</ref>
|-
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:center;"|<!-- Commented out: [[File:Aerial view of Nisa from north.jpg|80px]] -->
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:left;"| [[Parthia]]n Fortresses of '''[[Nisa, Turkmenistan|Nisa]]'''
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:left;"|[[Bagyr]], [[Ahal Province]]
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:left;"|one of the first capitals of the [[Parthia]]ns
| style="background:#efefef; text-align:center;"|2007
| style="background:#efefef;" | Cultural<ref>UNESCO. ''[http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1242 Nisa Fortress.]''</ref>
|}
{{एसिया}}
 
==सन्दर्भ सामग्रीहरू==
 
== बाहिरी लिन्कहरू ==
{{एसिया}}
{{Commonscat|Turkmenistan}}
 
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