विश्वका सबैभन्दा ठूला जीवहरू

स्वतन्त्र विश्वकोश, नेपाली विकिपिडियाबाट
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विश्वको सबैभन्दा ठूलो जीवित जीव नीलो ह्वेल अर्थात् ब्लू ह्वेल लाई मानिन्छ। यसको लम्बाई ३० मीटर सम्म र तौल १८० टन सम्म हुन्छ। जमीनमा पाइने सबैभन्दा ठूलो जीव अफ्रिकी हात्ती हो।

the prehistoric organisms, Largest prehistoric organisms हेर्नुहोस् ।

ढाँचा:Very long

An aspen grove at Fishlake National Forest, similar in appearance to the one known as Pando.

The largest organisms found on Earth can be determined according to various aspects of organism size, such as: mass, volume, area, length, height, or even genome size.



Animals[सम्पादन गर्ने]

नीलो ह्वेल हालसम्म पत्ता लागेको विश्वमा अस्तित्त्वमा आएका प्राणीमध्ये सबैभन्दा ठूलो प्राणी हो।


सबैभन्दा ठूला जीवहरूको सूची

The following is a list of the heaviest animals, which are all cetaceans. These whales also qualify, of course, as the largest living mammals. Since no scale is large enough to accommodate the huge body of a large whale, most whales have been weighed piecemeal, with several individual parts of the body weighed and then added together to ascertain the total mass of the animal.


स्थान जनावर औषत वजन अधिकतम वजन औषत लम्बाई
1 नीलो ह्वेल १,१०,००० किग्रा (२,४०,००० पाउन्ड)[१] १,९०,००० किग्रा (४,२०,००० पाउन्ड)[२] २५.५ मी (८४ फिट)[३]
2 दक्षिणी प्रसान्तीय राइट ह्वेल ६०,००० किग्रा (१,३०,००० पाउन्ड)[४] १,२०,००० किग्रा (२,६०,००० पाउन्ड)[२] १५.५ मी (५१ फिट)[१]
3 दक्षिणी राइट ह्वेल ५८,००० किग्रा (१,२८,००० पाउन्ड)[१] १,१०,००० किग्रा (२,४०,००० पाउन्ड)[५] १५.२५ मी (५०.० फिट)[१]
4 फीन ह्वेल ५७,००० किग्रा (१,२६,००० पाउन्ड)[१] १,२०,००० किग्रा (२,६०,००० पाउन्ड)[५] २०.६ मी (६८ फिट)[१]
5 दक्षिणी आन्ध्र राइट ह्वेल ५५,००० किग्रा (१,२१,००० पाउन्ड)[१][६] १,००,००० किग्रा (२,२०,००० पाउन्ड)[७] १५ मी (४९ फिट)[७]
6 तीर शीर ह्वेल ५४,५०० किग्रा (१,२०,२०० पाउन्ड)[१][८] १,२०,००० किग्रा (२,६०,००० पाउन्ड)[२] १५ मी (४९ फिट)[१]
7 स्पर्म ह्वेल ३१,२५० किग्रा (६८,८९० पाउन्ड)[१][९] ५७,००० किग्रा (१,२६,००० पाउन्ड)[२] १३.२५ मी (४३.५ फिट)[१][९]
8 हम्पब्याक ह्वेल २९,००० किग्रा (६४,००० पाउन्ड)[१][१०] ४८,००० किग्रा (१,०६,००० पाउन्ड)[११] १३.५ मी (४४ फिट)[१]
9 सेई ह्वेल २२,५०० किग्रा (४९,६०० पाउन्ड)[१] ४५,००० किग्रा (९९,००० पाउन्ड)[१२] १४.८ मी (४९ फिट)[१]
10 खैरो ह्वेल १९,५०० किग्रा (४३,००० पाउन्ड)[१] ४५,००० किग्रा (९९,००० पाउन्ड)[१३] १३.५ मी (४४ फिट)[१]


Table of heaviest terrestrial animals


The following is a list of the heaviest wild land animals, which are all mammals. The walrus is included because (unlike the larger elephant seals) it spends a great deal of time on land. The African elephant is now listed as two species, the African Bush Elephant and the African Forest Elephant, as they are generally considered to be two separate species now.[१४]


Rank Animal Average Mass Maximum Mass Average Total Length
1 African Bush Elephant[१५] ४,९०० किग्रा (१०,८०० पाउन्ड)[१६][१७] १२,२७४ किग्रा (२७,०६० पाउन्ड)[२] ७.५ मी (२५ फिट)[१८]
2 Asian Elephant[१९] ४,१५० किग्रा (९,१५० पाउन्ड)[२][२०] ८,००० किग्रा (१८,००० पाउन्ड)[२] ६.८ मी (२२ फिट)[२०]
3 African Forest Elephant २,८०० किग्रा (६,२०० पाउन्ड) ६,००० किग्रा (१३,००० पाउन्ड)[२१] ६.२ मी (२० फिट)[२२]
4 White Rhinoceros २,१०० किग्रा (४,६०० पाउन्ड)[२३][२४] ४,५०० किग्रा (९,९०० पाउन्ड)[२५] ४.४ मी (१४ फिट)[२६]
5 Indian Rhinoceros १,९०० किग्रा (४,२०० पाउन्ड)[२७][२८] ४,००० किग्रा (८,८०० पाउन्ड)[२९] ४.२ मी (१४ फिट)[३०]
6 Hippopotamus १,८०० किग्रा (४,००० पाउन्ड)[३१][३२] ४,५०० किग्रा (९,९०० पाउन्ड)[३३] ४ मी (१३ फिट)[३४]
7 Javan Rhinoceros १,७१५ किग्रा (३,७८१ पाउन्ड)[३५][३६] २,३०० किग्रा (५,१०० पाउन्ड)[३७] ३.८ मी (१२ फिट)[३८]
8 Black Rhinoceros १,१०० किग्रा (२,४०० पाउन्ड)[३९] २,८९६ किग्रा (६,३८५ पाउन्ड)[४०] ४ मी (१३ फिट)[४१]
9 Giraffe १,०१५ किग्रा (२,२३८ पाउन्ड)[२] १,९३० किग्रा (४,२५० पाउन्ड)[४२] ५.१५ मी (१६.९ फिट)[४३]
10 Walrus ९४४ किग्रा (२,०८१ पाउन्ड)[४४] २,००० किग्रा (४,४०० पाउन्ड)[४५] २.८ मी (९.२ फिट)[४४]


Vertebrates[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Mammals (Mammalia)[सम्पादन गर्ने]


The largest of these insectivorous, mammals is the Giant Otter Shrew (Potamogale velox), native to Central Africa.


The amphibious Hippopotamus is the most massive of the even-toed ungulates.


The enormous beachmaster Southern Elephant Seal is the largest of the carnivores.


The orca is the largest oceanic dolphin.


The largest bat, the Giant golden-crowned flying fox is about as large as a hare.



The European Hare is one of the largest living lagomorphs


The largest odd-toed ungulates, White Rhinoceros


The largest species of scaly anteater is the Giant Pangolin (Manis gigantea), at up to १.७ m (५.८ ft) and at least ४० kg (८८ lb).[४६]
The Giant Anteater is one of the largest neotropical mammals



The Eastern Lowland Gorilla is the largest living primate.


The African Bush Elephant, the largest living terrestrial animal.


The Capybara is the largest living rodent.



A good-sized West Indian Manatee, the largest living sirenian, can weigh well over a ton.


Stem-mammals (Synapsida)[सम्पादन गर्ने]

A comparison of a human to the massive Cotylorhynchus, the largest of the non-mammal synapsids.


Reptiles (Reptilia)[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The saltwater crocodile is the largest living reptile.


Table of heaviest living reptiles

The following is a list of the heaviest living reptile species, which is dominated by the crocodilians. Unlike the upper weights of mammals, birds or fish, mass in reptiles is frequently poorly documented and many are subject to conjecture and estimation.[२]


Rank Animal Average Mass Maximum Mass Average Total Length
1 Saltwater Crocodile ४५४ किग्रा (१,००१ पाउन्ड)[४७] २,००० किग्रा (४,४०० पाउन्ड)[४८] ३.८५ मी (१२.६ फिट)[२]
2 Nile Crocodile ३८२ किग्रा (८४२ पाउन्ड)[४९] १,०८९ किग्रा (२,४०१ पाउन्ड)[२] ३.७ मी (१२ फिट)[२]
3 Leatherback sea turtle ३६४ किग्रा (८०२ पाउन्ड)[५०][५१] ९३२ किग्रा (२,०५५ पाउन्ड)[२] २ मी (६.६ फिट)[२]
4 Black Caiman ३०० किग्रा (६६० पाउन्ड) १,३१० किग्रा (२,८९० पाउन्ड)[५२] ३.६ मी (१२ फिट)[५३]
Orinoco Crocodile २९० किग्रा (६४० पाउन्ड)[५४] ९०० किग्रा (२,००० पाउन्ड) ३.६ मी (१२ फिट)[५४]
6 American Crocodile २७७ किग्रा (६११ पाउन्ड)[५५] १,००० किग्रा (२,२०० पाउन्ड)[५६] ३.५ मी (११ फिट)[५५]
7 American Alligator २६० किग्रा (५७० पाउन्ड)[५७] १,००० किग्रा (२,२०० पाउन्ड)[२] ३.१ मी (१० फिट)[१][२]
8 Aldabra Giant Tortoise २०५ किग्रा (४५२ पाउन्ड)[५८] ३६० किग्रा (७९० पाउन्ड)[२] १.४ मी (४.६ फिट)[५९]
Gharial २०० किग्रा (४४० पाउन्ड)[६०] ९७७ किग्रा (२,१५४ पाउन्ड)[६१] ३.८ मी (१२ फिट)[६०]
10 Galapagos tortoise १७५ किग्रा (३८६ पाउन्ड)[६२] ४०० किग्रा (८८० पाउन्ड)[६३] १.५ मी (४.९ फिट)[६४]


The green anaconda is the most massive living snake.
The larger of the two extant species of the New Zealand native tuataras is the Brothers Island Tuatara (Sphenodon guntheri). The maximum size is १.४ kg (३.१ lb) and ७६ cm (३० in).
The giant Leatherback Sea Turtle, the largest extant turtle, digs a nest on the beach.


Birds (Aves)[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The Ostrich is the largest living bird.



Table of heaviest living birds

The following is a list of the heaviest living bird species. These species are almost all flightless, which allows for these particular birds to have denser bones and heavier bodies. Flightless birds comprise less than २% of all living bird species. One flying species, the corpulent Dalmatian pelican, ranks on the list.


Rank Animal Average Mass Maximum Mass Average Total Length
1 Ostrich १०४ किग्रा (२२९ पाउन्ड)[६५] १५६.८ किग्रा (३४६ पाउन्ड)[६५] २१० सेमी (६.९ फिट)[६६]
2 Southern Cassowary ४५ किग्रा (९९ पाउन्ड)[६५] ८५ किग्रा (१८७ पाउन्ड)[६७] १५५ सेमी (५.०९ फिट)[६५]
3 Northern Cassowary ४४ किग्रा (९७ पाउन्ड)[६५] ७५ किग्रा (१६५ पाउन्ड)[६५] १४९ सेमी (४.८९ फिट)[६६]
4 Emu ३३ किग्रा (७३ पाउन्ड)[६५][६८] ७० किग्रा (१५० पाउन्ड)[६९] १५३ सेमी (५.०२ फिट)[६५]
5 Emperor Penguin ३१.५ किग्रा (६९ पाउन्ड)[६६][७०] ४६ किग्रा (१०१ पाउन्ड)[६६] ११४ सेमी (३.७४ फिट)[६६]
6 Greater Rhea २३ किग्रा (५१ पाउन्ड)[६८] ४० किग्रा (८८ पाउन्ड)[६६] १३४ सेमी (४.४० फिट)[६५]
7 Dwarf Cassowary १९.७ किग्रा (४३ पाउन्ड)[६५] ३४ किग्रा (७५ पाउन्ड)[६५] १०५ सेमी (३.४४ फिट)[४१]
8 Lesser Rhea १९.६ किग्रा (४३ पाउन्ड)[६५] २८.६ किग्रा (६३ पाउन्ड)[६५] ९६ सेमी (३.१५ फिट)[६६]
9 King Penguin १३.६ किग्रा (३० पाउन्ड)[६६][७०] २० किग्रा (४४ पाउन्ड)[७१] ९२ सेमी (३.०२ फिट)[४३]
10 Dalmatian Pelican ११.५ किग्रा (२५ पाउन्ड)[६६] १५ किग्रा (३३ पाउन्ड)[७२] १७० सेमी (५.६ फिट)[६६]


The Eurasian Black Vulture is the biggest of the living birds of prey
Migrating Trumpeter Swans, which are the largest waterfowl on earth.
The Great Potoo is, overall, the largest member of the order Caprimulgiformes.
The Victoria Crowned Pigeon is the largest living pigeon.
Alongside the Great Bustard, the Kori Bustard is the heaviest extant flying bird.
The Thick-billed Raven shares the title of the largest songbird with its common cousin.
The Dalmatian Pelican is one of the world's largest flying birds.
The Toco Toucan is the largest species in the Piciformes order as well as one of the most colorful.
The Wandering Albatross is the largest sea bird
The Emperor Penguin is one of the heaviest living birds as well as the largest penguin.
The Eurasian Eagle Owl is one of the biggest owls

Amphibians (Amphibia)[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Lobe-finned fish (Sarcopterygii)[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The coelecanth is one of the strangest and most primitive fish

Ray-finned bony fish (Actinopterygii)[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The ocean sunfish is the largest of the bony fish
The remains of a 1000 kg beluga sturgeon, one of the largest bony fish
The head of a European conger, the world's most massive eel
The largest cod, the Atlantic cod.
The largest ribbonfish, the King of herrings.
A large alligator gar, the largest freshwater fish in North America
The Atlantic blue marlin is one of the largest species of the perch-like fish.
The Pacific halibut, largest of the flatfish, displays its effective camouflage.
The Chinook salmon is one of the largest species of salmon.



सन्दर्भ सामग्री[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. १.०० १.०१ १.०२ १.०३ १.०४ १.०५ १.०६ १.०७ १.०८ १.०९ १.१० १.११ १.१२ १.१३ १.१४ १.१५ १.१६ १.१७ Mark Tandy, "Lives of Whales", Iwcoffice.org, अन्तिम पहुँच २०११-१०-२५ 
  2. २.०० २.०१ २.०२ २.०३ २.०४ २.०५ २.०६ २.०७ २.०८ २.०९ २.१० २.११ २.१२ २.१३ २.१४ २.१५ २.१६ उद्दरण त्रुटी: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Wood
  3. "Blue Whale", The Marine Mammal Center, अन्तिम पहुँच २०११-१०-२५ 
  4. "North Pacific Right Whale | Marine education | Alaska Sea Grant", Seagrant.uaf.edu, २००८-०२-१५, अन्तिम पहुँच २०११-१०-२५ 
  5. ५.० ५.१ उद्दरण त्रुटी: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Stewart
  6. "Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife - Maine Endangered Species Program/Northern Right Whale", Maine.gov, अन्तिम पहुँच २०११-१०-२५ 
  7. ७.० ७.१ "North Atlantic Right Whale", Animal Info, २००५-११-०२, अन्तिम पहुँच २०११-१०-२५ 
  8. "Bowhead Whales, Balaena mysticetus at", Marinebio.org, २०११-०९-३०, अन्तिम पहुँच २०११-१०-२५ 
  9. ९.० ९.१ Whitehead, H. (2002). Sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus. In Perrin, W., Würsig B. and Thewissen, J.. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Academic Press. pp. 1165–1172. ISBN 0-12-551340-2
  10. "Humpback Whale", Animal Info, २००५-०२-०१, अन्तिम पहुँच २०११-१०-२५ 
  11. The mammals of Texas - David J. Schmidly, William B. Davis - Google Books. Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=QdlJ3SbwUIgC&pg=PA225&dq=humpback+whale+weight&hl=en. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति: 2011-10-25. 
  12. "WDCS Species Guide: Balaenoptera_borealis", .wdcs.org, अन्तिम पहुँच २०११-१०-२५ 
  13. Marine mammals of the world: a ... - Thomas A. Jefferson, Marc A. Webber, Robert L. Pitman - Google Books. Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=TwFUimDtz7sC&pg=PA70&dq=Gray+Whale+weight&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Gray%20Whale%20weight&f=false. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति: 2011-10-25. 
  14. USA (२०१०-१२-२२), "African Elephant Really Two Wildly Different Species", News.nationalgeographic.com, अन्तिम पहुँच २०११-१०-२६ 
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