केरा

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
केरा
Banana 'tree' (Musa acuminata 'Lacatan'). Illustration from the 1880 book Flora de Filipinas by Francisco Manuel Blanco
Banana 'tree' (Musa acuminata 'Lacatan'). Illustration from the 1880 book Flora de Filipinas by Francisco Manuel Blanco
Hybrid parentage
Musa acuminata × Musa balbisiana
Colla 1820
Cultivar group
See Banana Cultivar Groups
Origin
Southeast Asia, South Asia
केरा
Nutritional value per १०० g (
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)
Energy ३७१ kJ (
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)
Carbohydrates 22.84 g
Sugars 12.23 g
Dietary fiber 2.6 g
Fat 0.33 g
Protein 1.09 g
Vitamin A equiv. 3 μg (0%)
Thiamine (Vit. B1) 0.031 mg (2%)
Riboflavin (Vit. B2) 0.073 mg (5%)
Niacin (Vit. B3) 0.665 mg (4%)
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.334 mg (7%)
Vitamin B6 0.367 mg (28%)
Folate (Vit. B9) 20 μg (5%)
Vitamin C 8.7 mg (15%)
Calcium 5 mg (1%)
Iron 0.26 mg (2%)
Magnesium 27 mg (7%)
Phosphorus 22 mg (3%)
Potassium 358 mg (8%)
Zinc 0.15 mg (2%)
One banana is 100–150 g.
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database
नेपालको मध्यपहाडमा पाइने केरा

केरा विश्वको प्राय सबै ठाउँमा पाइने फल हो। साधारणतया केरा भनेर म्युजा Musa परिवारमा पर्ने पोथ्रा वनस्पती र यसको फललाई चिनिन्छ। केराको फल विभिन्न आकार र रंगहरूमा पाइन्छ। साधरणतया सुरूमा हरियो भएपनि पाकेपछि पहेंलो, वैजनी र रातो रंगको हुनेगर्दछ। केराको प्राकृतिक रूपमा पाइने दुई जङ्गली जातिहरू Musa acuminataMusa balbisianaबाट आएका विभिन्न प्रजातिका फलहरू मानिसहरूले खाद्यपदार्थको रूपमा उपयोग गर्दछन्। यिनीहरूमा पाइने जीनको आधारमा केराको वैज्ञानिक नामहरू राखिएको छ। जसअनुसार Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana र यिनीहरूको वर्णसंकर (Hybrid) Musa acuminata × balbisiana केराका वैज्ञानिक नामहरू हुन। कुनै समय Musa sapientumMusa paradisiaca नामहरू प्रयोग गरिएपनि हाल यी नामहरू प्रयोगमा छैनन्। Banana is also used to describe the edible fruits of the Fe'i bananas and Ensete, both of which do not belong to the above classification.

In popular culture and commerce, "banana" usually refers to soft, sweet "dessert" bananas. By contrast, Musa cultivars with firmer, starchier fruit are called plantains. The distinction is purely arbitrary and the terms 'plantain' and 'banana' are sometimes interchangeable depending on their usage.

They are native to tropical South and Southeast Asia, and are likely to have been first domesticated in Papua New Guinea.[1] Today, they are cultivated throughout the tropics.[2] They are grown in at least 107 countries,[3] primarily for their fruit, and to a lesser extent to make fiber, banana wine and as ornamental plants.