चेकोस्लोभाकिया

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
चेकोस्लोभाकिया
Československo, Česko‑Slovensko

 

१९१८–१९९२
 

 

Flag since 1920 Coat of arms in 1990–1992
Motto
चेक: Pravda vítězí
("Truth prevails"; 1918–1990)
ढाँचा:Lang-sk
("Truth prevails"; 1918–1990)
ल्याटिन: Veritas vincit
("Truth prevails"; 1990–1992)
राष्ट्रगान
Kde domov můj and Nad Tatrou sa blýska (first verses only)
राजधानी प्राग (Praha)
भाषा चेकस्लोभाक
सरकार गणातन्त्र
President
 - 1918–1935 Tomáš G. Masaryk (first)
 - 1989–1992 Václav Havel (last)
Prime Minister
 - 1918–1919 Karel Kramář
 - 1992 Jan Stráský
इतिहास
 - स्वतन्त्र २८ अक्टोबर १९१८
 - German occupation 1939
 - Liberation 1945
 - Dissolution ३१ डिसेम्बर १९९२
क्षेत्रफल
 - 1921 १४०,४४६ km2 (५४,२२७ sq mi)
 - 1993 १२७,९०० km2 (४९,३८२ sq mi)
जनसंख्या
 - 1921 est. १३,६०७,३८५ 
     Density ९६.९ /km2  (२५०.९ /sq mi)
 - 1993 est. १५,६००,००० 
     Density १२२ /km2  (३१५.९ /sq mi)
मुद्रा Czechoslovak koruna
इन्टरनेट टिएलडी .cs
टेलिफोन कोड +42
Current ISO 3166-3 code:        CSHH
The calling code 42 was retired in Winter 1997. The number range was subdivided, and re-allocated amongst Czech Republic, Slovakia and Liechtenstein.
Warning: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

चेकोस्लोभाकिया वा चेको-स्लोभाकिया[१] (चेक र स्लोभाक: Československo, Česko-Slovensko[२]) मध्य युरोपमा अवस्थित सोभियत राज्य हो ।


आधारभुत कुराहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

इतिहास[सम्पादन गर्ने]

सन्दर्भ सामाग्री[सम्पादन गर्ने]

स्रोत[सम्पादन गर्ने]

नोटहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

अन्य[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  • Heimann, Mary. Czechoslovakia: The State That Failed (२००९). the best scholarly history in English, but with a negative tone stressing maltreatment of minorities.
  • Hermann, A. H. A History of the Czechs (१९७५)
  • Kalvoda, Josef. The Genesis of Czechoslovakia (१९८६)
  • Leff, Carol Skalnick. National Conflict in Czechoslovakia: The Making and Remaking of a State, १९१८-८७ (१९८८)
  • Mantey, Victor. A History of the Czechoslovak Republic (१९७३)
  • Myant, Martin. The Czechoslovak Economy, १९४८-८८ (१९८९)
  • Naimark, Norman, and Leonid Gibianskii, eds. The Establishment of Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe, १९४४-१९४९ (१९९७) online edition
  • Paul, David. 'Czechoslovakia: Profile of a Socialist Republic at the Crossroads of Europe (१९९०)
  • Renner, Hans. A History of Czechoslovakia since १९४५ (१९८९)
  • Seton-Watson, R. W. A History of the Czechs and Slovaks (१९४३)
  • Stone, Norman, and E. Strouhal, eds.Czechoslovakia: Crossroads and Crises, १९१८-८८ (१९८९)
  • Wheaton, Bernard; Zdenek Kavav. "The Velvet Revolution: Czechoslovakia, १९८८-१९९१". (१९९२)
  • Williams, Kieran, 'Civil Resistance in Czechoslovakia: From Soviet Invasion to "Velvet Revolution", १९६८-८९', in Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash (eds.), Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present (Oxford University Press, २००९)
  • Windsor, Philip, and Adam Roberts, Czechoslovakia १९६८: Reform, Repression and Resistance. (१९६९)
  • Wolchik, Sharon L. Czechoslovakia: Politics, Society, and Economics (१९९०)
  • online books and articles

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