ढाँचा:Infobox sulfur

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
Sulfur,  16S
Sulfur-sample.jpg
Sulfur Spectrum.jpg
Spectral lines of sulfur
सामान्य गुणहरू
नाम, संकेत sulfur, S
उच्चारण /ˈsʌlfər/ sul-fər
उपस्थिति lemon yellow sintered microcrystals
पेरियोडिक टेबलमा Sulfur
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
O

S

Se
phosphorussulfurchlorine
आणविक संख्या 16
मानक आणविक भार 32.065(5)
तत्वको श्रेणी nonmetal
समुह, ब्लक group 16 (chalcogens), p-block
पेरियोड period 3
इलेक्ट्रोन वितरण [Ne] 3s2 3p4
प्रति सेल 2, 8, 6
भौतिक गुणहरू
अवस्था solid
पग्लने विन्दु 388.36 K ​(115.21 °C, ​239.38 °F)
उम्लने विन्दु 717.8 K ​(444.6 °C, ​832.3 °F)
Density near r.t. (alpha) 2.07 g·cm−3
(beta) 1.96 g·cm−3
(gamma) 1.92 g·cm−3
liquid, at m.p. 1.819 g·cm−3
क्रिटिकल विन्दु 1314 K, 20.7 MPa
फ्युजनको ताप (mono) 1.727 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (mono) 45 kJ·mol−1
मोलार ताप क्षमता 22.75 J·mol−1·K−1
vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 375 408 449 508 591 717
आणविक गुणहरू
अक्सिडेसन अवस्थाहरू 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1, -2 ​strongly acidic oxide
इलेक्ट्रो निगेटिभिटी Pauling scale: 2.58
Ionization energies
(more)
कोभ्यालेन्ट अर्धव्यास 105±3 pm
भ्यान डर वाल अर्धव्यास 180 pm
विविध
क्रिस्टल बनावट orthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for sulfur
थर्मल कन्डक्टिभिटी (amorphous)
0.205 W·m−1·K−1
Electrical resistivity (amorphous)
2×1015  Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[१]
Bulk modulus 7.7 GPa
Mohs hardness 2.0
CAS Registry Number 7704-34-9
इतिहास
खोज Chinese[२] (Before 2000BC)
Recognized as an element by A. Lavoisier (1777)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of sulfur
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
32S 95.02% 32S is stable with 16 neutrons
33S 0.75% 33S is stable with 17 neutrons
34S 4.21% 34S is stable with 18 neutrons
35S syn 87.32 d β 0.167 35Cl
36S 0.02% 36S is stable with 20 neutrons
· सन्दर्भ सामाग्रीहरू

References

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC press, 2000, ISBN 0849304814, <http://www-d0.fnal.gov/hardware/cal/lvps_info/engineering/elementmagn.pdf> 
  2. "Sulfur History"