ढाँचा:Infobox carbon

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
Carbon,  6C
Diamond-and-graphite-with-scale.jpg
Carbon Spectra.jpg
Spectral lines of Carbon
सामान्य गुणहरू
नाम, संकेत carbon, C
उच्चारण /ˈkɑrbən/
उपस्थिति clear (diamond) & black (graphite)
पेरियोडिक टेबलमा Carbon
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

C

Si
boroncarbonnitrogen
आणविक संख्या 6
मानक आणविक भार 12.0107(8)
तत्वको श्रेणी nonmetal
समुह, ब्लक group 14 (carbon group), p-block
पेरियोड period 2
इलेक्ट्रोन वितरण 1s2 2s2 2p2 or [He] 2s2 2p2
प्रति सेल 2,4
भौतिक गुणहरू
अवस्था Solid
उर्ध्वपातन विन्दु 3915 K ​(3642 °C, ​6588 °F)
Density near r.t. amorphous:[१] 1.8–2.1 g·cm−3
graphite: 2.267 g·cm−3
diamond: 3.515 g·cm−3
ट्रिपल विन्दु 4600 K, ​10800[२][३] kPa
फ्युजनको ताप 117 (graphite) kJ·mol−1
मोलार ताप क्षमता 8.517(graphite),
6.155(diamond) J·mol−1·K−1
आणविक गुणहरू
अक्सिडेसन अवस्थाहरू 4, 3 [४], 2, 1 [५], 0, -1, -2, -3, -4[६]
इलेक्ट्रो निगेटिभिटी Pauling scale: 2.55
Ionization energies
(more)
कोभ्यालेन्ट अर्धव्यास 77(sp³), 73(sp²), 69(sp) pm
भ्यान डर वाल अर्धव्यास 170 pm
विविध
Speed of sound thin rod, at 20 °C 18350 (diamond) m·s−1
थर्मल एक्सपान्सन 0.8 (diamond) [७] µm·m−1·K−1 (at 25 °C)
थर्मल कन्डक्टिभिटी 119-165 (graphite)
900-2300 (diamond) W·m−1·K−1
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[८]
Young's modulus 1050 (diamond) [७] GPa
Shear modulus 478 (diamond) [७] GPa
Bulk modulus 442 (diamond) [७] GPa
Poisson ratio 0.1 (diamond) [७]
Mohs hardness 1-2 (Graphite)
10 (Diamond)
CAS Registry Number 7440-44-0
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of carbon
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP

15

12C 98.9% 12C is stable with 6 neutrons
13C 1.1% 13C is stable with 7 neutrons
14C trace 5730 y β- 0.156 14N
· सन्दर्भ सामाग्रीहरू

References

  1. Lide, D. R., ed. (2005), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.), Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press, ISBN 0-8493-0486-5 
  2. Haaland, D (1976). "Graphite-liquid-vapor triple point pressure and the density of liquid carbon". Carbon 14: 357. doi:10.1016/0008-6223(76)90010-5. 
  3. Savvatimskiy, A (2005). "Measurements of the melting point of graphite and the properties of liquid carbon (a review for 1963–2003)". Carbon 43: 1115. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2004.12.027. 
  4. "Fourier Transform Spectroscopy of the System of CP" 
  5. "Fourier Transform Spectroscopy of the Electronic Transition of the Jet-Cooled CCI Free Radical" 
  6. "Carbon: Binary compounds" 
  7. ७.० ७.१ ७.२ ७.३ ७.४ Properties of diamond, Ioffe Institute Database
  8. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.