ढाँचा:Infobox OS

स्वतन्त्र विश्वकोश, नेपाली विकिपिडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
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This template can be used to provide a summary for articles on computer operating systems.

Usage[सम्पादन गर्ने]

If the article is about OS version, use {{Infobox OS version}} redirect instead.
{{Infobox OS
| name                   = <!-- Name of program or distribution -->
| logo                   = <!-- File:... -->
| logo caption           =
| logo size              =
| logo alt               =
| screenshot             = <!-- File:... -->
| caption                =
| screenshot size        =
| screenshot alt         =
| collapsible            =
| version of             = <!-- For articles about releases of operating systems ONLY -->
| developer              = <!-- Name of main developer or sponsor-->
| family                 = <!-- "Unix-like" or "Microsoft Windows" -->
| working state          = <!-- "Current", "Discontinued" (operating systems), or "No longer supported" (releases) -->
| source model           = <!-- "Open source", "Closed source", or "Shared source" -->
| released               = <!-- {{Start date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|df=yes/no}} -->
| discontinued           = <!-- DON'T use this for articles about releases of operating systems -->
| RTM date               = <!-- {{Start date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|df=yes/no}} ONLY for articles about OS releases -->
| GA date                = <!-- {{Start date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|df=yes/no}} ONLY for articles about OS releases -->
| latest release version =
| latest release date    = <!-- {{Start date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|df=yes/no}} -->
| latest preview version =
| latest preview date    = <!-- {{Start date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|df=yes/no}} -->
| marketing target       =
| programmed in          =
| language               = <!-- Supported human languages (English, French, Italian, Arabic, ...) -->
| update model           = <!-- APT, Windows Update, etc. -->
| package manager        = <!-- dpkg, rpm, Windows installer, etc. -->
| supported platforms    = <!-- IA-32, x64, Itanium, ARM, etc. -->
| kernel type            = <!-- Hybrid, Monolithic, Microkernel, Exokernel, Nanokernel, etc. -->
| userland               =
| ui                     =
| license                =
| preceded by            =
| succeeded by           =
| website                = <!-- {{URL|www.example.org}} -->
| support status         = <!-- For articles about releases of operating systems ONLY -->
| other articles         = 
}}

Parameters[सम्पादन गर्ने]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

TemplateData for Infobox OS

This template can be used to provide a summary for articles on computer operating systems and their particular releases.

Template parameters

Parameter विवरण प्रकार स्थिति
Name name

The name of the operating system. This should match the name of the article. For example: 'Microsoft Windows'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String required
Logo logo

An image path for the logo associated with this operating system. Logos used must comply with [[Wikipedia:Logos]] guidelines. For example: 'File:Microsoft Windows XP Logo.svg'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
फाइल वैकल्पिक
Logo size logo size

A width for the image, including the 'px'; the default is '250px'. For example: '106px'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Logo caption logo caption

Icon to display in the title

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Screenshot screenshot

A screenshot depicting the operating system in its default configuration. Screen shots should not include any non-standard themes, third-party applications, or personally identifiable information. For example: 'File:Windows 8 screenshot.png'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
फाइल वैकल्पिक
Screenshot size screenshot size

A width for the screenshot, including the 'px'; the default is '290px'. For example: '200px'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Screenshot alt screenshot alt

An alternative text for the screenshot. For example: 'Windows 8 desktop'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Caption caption

A caption describing the screenshot. Use of the word 'screenshot' in the description can be considered redundant, as the template places the image in a section titled 'Screenshot'. For example: 'Screenshot of the Windows 8 desktop'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Collapsible collapsible

If the screenshot is too big, this parameter set to 'yes' will collapse this

पूर्वनिर्धारित
no
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
पङ्क्ति वैकल्पिक
Version of version of

Name of operating system. (For articles about particular operating system releases.)

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Developer developer

Name of the current developer of the software product. It can be either an individual or an organization/business. For example: 'Microsoft'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Family family

The name of the family of operating systems that this version is a part of. Examples include '[[Microsoft Windows]]', '[[Unix-like]]' and '[[Mac OS]]'; 'Linux' and 'Mac OS X' are not OS families

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Working state working state

Working state of the operating system. Can be 'Current', 'Discontinued', or 'No longer supported'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
पङ्क्ति वैकल्पिक
Source model source model

Source model of the operating system. Can be 'Open source', 'Closed source', or 'Shared source'. Do not use 'free software', 'free and open source software' or 'FOSS' as they are mainly licensing models and may or may not use the 'open source' development methodology

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
पङ्क्ति वैकल्पिक
Initial release released

The date of first public release of operating system. Should be set to {{Start date and age|Year|Month|Day}}. The value of this field is not shown if 'RTM date' or 'GA date' parameters are set

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Discontinued discontinued

Set to 'yes' if operating system is discontinued. Note: operating system versions cannot be discontinued; do not use this parameter in articles about operating systems

पूर्वनिर्धारित
no
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
पङ्क्ति वैकल्पिक
Released to manufacturing RTM datefirst release date

The date when operating system version was released to manufacturing. Should be set to {{Start date and age|Year|Month|Day}}. Any value in this field disables display of 'Released' parameter. Note: only particular versions of operating systems may be released to manufacturing; do not use this parameter in articles about operating systems

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
General availability GA date

The date when operating system version became generally available. Should be set to {{Start date and age|Year|Month|Day}}. Any value in this field disables display of 'Released' parameter. Note: only particular versions of operating systems may be released to manufacturing; do not use this parameter in articles about operating systems

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Latest release (version) latest release versionrelease version

For operating systems, the version number of latest stable release (for example 'Windows 8.1'). For operating system versions, the version of latest stable build (for example '6.3.9600')

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
पङ्क्ति वैकल्पिक
Latest release (date) latest release daterelease date

The date of latest stable release (for operating systems) or build (for operating system versions). Should be set to {{Start date and age|Year|Month|Day}}

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Latest preview (version) latest preview versionpreview version

For operating systems, the version number of latest preview ('beta', 'unstable', 'development') release (for example 'Windows 8 Consumer Preview'). For operating system versions, the version of latestpreview ('beta', 'unstable', 'development') build (for example '8250')

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
पङ्क्ति वैकल्पिक
Latest preview (date) latest preview datepreview date

The date of latest preview ('beta', 'unstable', 'development') release (for operating systems) or build (for operating system versions). Should be set to {{Start date and age|Year|Month|Day}}

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Marketing target marketing target

Target audience of operating system or its version

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Programmed in programmed inprog language

Programming languages this operating system is written in. For example: '[[C (programming language)|]]'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Language language

Human languages this operating system is available in. Avoid stating just number of translations or wikilinking languages

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Update model update model

Tools or methods of updating operating system

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Package manager package manager

Wikilinked name of package management software supplied with operating system

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Supported platforms supported platforms

Hardware platforms supported by operating system

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Kernel type kernel type

Type of kernel of operating system. Possible values include '[[Monolithic kernel|Monolithic]]' or '[[Microkernel]]''. Note: for Linux distributions, this should be '[[Monolithic kernel|Monolithic]] ([[Linux kernel|Linux]])'

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Userland userland

(For Unix-like operating systems) type of userland of operating system. Examples include 'BSD', '[[GNU Core Utilities|GNU]]', etc

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Default user interface ui

User interface the default installation of operating system boots into

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
License license

License or licensing model used for this operating system. May be set either to well-known license or licenses with wikilink (for example: '[[GPLv2]]'), or to licensing model ('[[Proprietary software|Proprietary]]' or '[[Freeware]]')

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Preceded by preceded by

For operating system: OS or list of OSs that were officially superceded by this operating system. For operating system versions: previous version of the operating system intended for the same target audience

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Succeeded by succeeded by

For operating system: OS that officially superceded this operating system. For operating system versions: next version of the operating system intended for the same target audience

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Official website website

Official website of operating system, or page of developer's web site devoted to this operating system. Should be set to {{URL|website}}

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक
Support status support status

Support status of operating system version. Not applicable to operating systems

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
String वैकल्पिक
Other articles other articles

List of related articles. Consider using 'See also' section of the article

पूर्वनिर्धारित
रित्तो
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
रित्तो
Content वैकल्पिक

Moving release data outside the article[सम्पादन गर्ने]

The subject's latest release version, latest release date, latest preview version and latest preview date can be moved outside the article. Users visiting the article may click the version number or "[±]" link in the infobox to edit that external source. This mode is very useful for articles about software products whose vendors keep releasing updates or newer versions. With this mode is enabled, users can quickly and effectively edit the release data without editing the article proper (and cluttering its edit history with inconsequential edits).

Note, however, that if |latest release version= or |latest preview version= parameters are explicitly specified, the infobox does not look for external sources. (This can be useful if, for example, the preview version is frequently updated, but the release version is not.)

To make the infobox retrieve release data from outside the article:

  1. Create an external source that supplies data for latest stable release. To do so:
    1. Copy and paste the following URL into your browser's address bar, replacing INFOBOX_NAME with the value supplied in |name= parameter of the infobox:
      //ne.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%E0%A4%A2%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%81%E0%A4%9A%E0%A4%BE:Latest_stable_software_release/INFOBOX_NAME&action=edit&preload=Template:LSR/syntax
    2. In the page that opens, fill in the required information.
    3. Save the page.
  2. Create an external source that supplies data for latest preview release. To do so:
    1. Copy and paste the following URL into your browser's address bar, replacing INFOBOX_NAME with the value suppplied in |name= parameter of the infobox:
      //ne.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%E0%A4%A2%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%81%E0%A4%9A%E0%A4%BE:Latest_preview_software_release/INFOBOX_NAME&action=edit&preload=Template:LPR/syntax
    2. In the page that opens, fill in the required information.
    3. Save the page.
  3. In the main article, delete |latest release version=, |latest release date=, |latest preview version= or |latest preview date= parameters.
  4. Save the article.
  5. Refresh the article.

Example[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Debian
Debian-OpenLogo.svg
Debian Etch-ja.png
Debian v4.0 ("Etch")
कम्पनी / निर्माता Debian Project
ओएस परिवार Unix-like
कार्य स्थिति Current
श्रोत नमुना Open source
प्रारम्भिक जारी मिति १६ अगस्ट १९९३ (१९९३-०८-१६)
हालको संस्करण 4.0r2 Etch / डिसेम्बर २७, २००७; ९ वर्ष अघि (२००७-१२-27)
अपडेट तरिका APT (several front-ends available)
प्याकेज म्यानेजर dpkg
समर्थित प्ल्याटफर्म i386 (x86), amd64 (x86-64), PowerPC, SPARC, DEC Alpha, ARM, MIPS, HPPA, S390, IA-64
कर्नेल प्रकार Monolithic (Linux, FreeBSD), Micro (Hurd)
प्रयोगकर्ता GNU
पूर्वनिर्धारित प्रयोगकर्ता इन्टरफेस GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and LXDE
अनुमतिपत्र Free software, mainly the GNU GPL, and other licenses[१]
आधिकारिक वेबसाइट debian.org
This infobox is just an example, and it isn't supposed to reflect the present state of this particular piece of software, or even make any sense. It is only shown to demonstrate the effect of the options.
{{Infobox OS
| name                   = Debian
| logo                   = Debian-OpenLogo.svg
| logo_size              = x64px
| screenshot             = Debian Etch-ja.png
| developer              = Debian Project
| family                 = [[Unix-like]]
| working state          = Current
| source model           = [[Open source]]
| released               = {{Start date|df=yes|1993|08|16}}
| latest release version = 4.0r2 Etch
| latest release date    = {{start date and age|2007|12|27}}
| kernel type            = [[monolithic kernel|Monolithic]] ([[Linux kernel|Linux]], [[FreeBSD]]), [[microkernel|Micro]] ([[GNU Hurd|Hurd]])
| userland               = [[GNU Core Utilities|GNU]]
| ui                     = [[GNOME]], [[KDE]], [[Xfce]], and [[LXDE]]
| license                = [[Free software]], mainly the [[GNU GPL]], and other licenses<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.debian.org/legal/licenses/|title=License information|publisher=Debian|accessdate=2009-02-28}}</ref>
| supported platforms    = [[IA-32|i386 (x86)]], [[x86-64|amd64 (x86-64)]], [[PowerPC]], [[SPARC]], [[DEC Alpha]], [[ARM architecture|ARM]], [[MIPS architecture|MIPS]], [[PA-RISC family|HPPA]], [[IBM eServer zSeries|S390]], [[IA-64]]
| update model           = [[Advanced Packaging Tool|APT]] (several front-ends available)
| package manager        = [[dpkg]]
| website                = {{URL|www.debian.org}}
}}

References

  1. "License information", Debian, अभिगमन मिति २००९-०२-२८ 

See also[सम्पादन गर्ने]