जीवनको शुरुकाल [सम्पादन गर्ने]
नेपोलियन बोनापार्टको जन्म नापोलेओने दि ब्वोनापार्ते का रूपमा कोर्सिकाको आजाच्चोमा बुवा कार्लो ब्वोनापार्ते, एक वकील र राजनेता, र आमा मारी-लेतित्सिया ब्वोनापार्तेको कोखबाट भएको थियो। ब्वोनापार्तेहरू कोर्सिकाका संभ्रान्त र धनि परिवार थिए। फ्रान्सेली जस्तो बनाउन, नेपोलियनले आफ्नो नाम परिवर्तन गरेका थिए।
सुरुवाति सैनिक जागीर [सम्पादन गर्ने]
नेपोलियनले सन् १७७९मा ब्रिएनको सैनिक प्रतिष्ठानमा प्रवेश पाउन सफल भए। सन् १७८४मा उनी पेरिसको एकोल र्वायाल मिलितेर (राजकीय सैनिक विद्यालय) सरे र एक वर्ष पश्चात सहायक उपरथीका रूपमा स्नातक भए।
त्यसपछिका ८ वर्ष नापोलेओं कोर्सिकामा बिताउन सफल भए। त्यहाँ उनी राजनैतिक र सैनिक मामलामा सक्रिय भए। सेनामा उनको पदोन्नति भयो।
फ्रान्सिसी क्रान्तिले फ्रान्समा धेरै द्वन्द र अव्यवस्था फैलायो। धेरै पल्ट, नेपोलियन was connected to those in power. Other times, he was in jail. He helped the French Republic from those who supported the former king of France. He became a general in the French army. He led troops in Italy and he began to gain fame and power.
नेपोलियनले मार्च ९, १७९६मा झोजेफिन द बोआर्ने सँग बिवाह गरे।
मे १७९८ मा, नेपोलियन left for a campaign in Egypt and Syria. The French needed to threaten Britain's empire in India and the French Directory's concerns that नेपोलियन would take control of France. The Egyptian campaign was a military failure. नेपोलियन went back to France because of a change in the French government. Some believe that नेपोलियन should not have left his soldiers in Egypt. नेपोलियन helped lead the ब्रुमेर coup of November 1799.
फ्रान्सका सम्राट [सम्पादन गर्ने]
Bonaparte changed many ways of life in France. His changes to the legal system, the नेपोलियनic Code, are considered to be a good change. नेपोलियन became First Consul for Life in 1802 and Emperor of France in 1804. This means that he was essentially a dictator.
Europe was not at peace for long. Fighting resumed. नेपोलियन and France won many battles against a range of alliances between Austria, Great Britain, Russia, and Prussia. Early on, नेपोलियन won many battles like the Battle of आउस्टेरलित्स. नेपोलियन made his relatives rulers of some of the countries he beat.
पराजय र निर्वासन [सम्पादन गर्ने]
In 1812, नेपोलियन रसिय माअ युद्धको लगि गये. They defeated many Russian cities and villages, but by the time they reached Moscow it was winter and his army did not have enough food. नेपोलियन's army was unable to defeat the Russians. The Russians began to attack. नेपोलियन and his army had to go back to France. Only 10,000 soldiers were able to fight at the end of the retreat.
सय दिन [सम्पादन गर्ने]
नेपोलियन made a surprise return to France on March 1, 1815. His former troops joined him and he again became ruler of France for a length of 100 days. नेपोलियन was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, which was his last battle. नेपोलियन was captured in Waterloo and taken to his second exile on the island of Saint Helena.