मानसिक रोग

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्

मानिस तथा पशुहरूको दिमागी संतुलन बिग्रेर अथवा मानसिक असन्तुलनका कारण देखा पर्न सक्ने विभिन्न रोगहरूलाई मानसिक रोग भनिन्छ। मानिस तथा पशुहरूको मानसिक स्थिति बिगार्ने रोगहरू धेरै प्रकारका छन्। मानसिक स्थिति खराब अथवा कमजोर भएमा कति पए मान्छे तथा पशुहरू बौलाउने पनि गर्दछन्।

मानसिक रोगका कारणहरू

मानसिक रोगको सम्बन्ध मन र मस्तिष्क दुवै तर्फ छ। यसैले मानसिक रोगको असर पनि मन र मष्तिस्क दुवैमा पर्न जान्छ। प्राय: जसो मानसिक रोगी हुन सक्ने मुख्य कारणहरू यस प्रकार अनुभव गरिएको छ। मानसिक रोगको सिकार भएका मानसिक रोगीहरूको अवलोकनानुशार मानसिक रोग लाग्न सक्ने कारणहरू मनो चिकत्सक तथा मनो वैज्ञाकहरूले निम्नानुशार सिद्ध गरेका छन्।

मन

मन चलायमान हुन्छ मन नै शरीरको वाहक हो जसले यो देहलाई सहि अथवा गलत मार्गमा डोराएर लैजान्छ। यसैले हाम्रो धर्म तथा पुराणहरूमा विद्वानहरूले मन माथी ठूलो वर्णन गरेको पाइन्छ यस्तै आजको वैज्ञानिक युगमा पनि मनको मानव मानव शरीर माथी प्रमुख अस्तित्व छ। यदी कसैले मनलाई वसमा राख्न सक्दैन भने त्यो व्याक्ती मानसिक रोगको सिकार हून्छ।

मस्तिष्क

मस्तिष्क सजीव प्राणिको प्रमुख अंग हो। मस्तिष्कलाई दिमाग तथा शिर्ष पनि भनिएको छ। शिर्ष भन्नाले मुख्य भन्ने बुझिन्छ। मस्तिष्कमा कुनै पनि बाहिरिय अथवा भित्रीय चोट पर्न गएर व्याक्ती मानसिक रोगको सिकार हुन सक्छ।

सरुवा मानसिक रोग

केहि रोगहरू सरुवा हुन्छन्। जो एक प्राणिबाट अर्को प्राणिमा सर्छन्। जुन सरुवा रोगले रोगिलाई मानसिक असर पुगाउँछ त्यस्तो रोगलाई सरुवा मानसिक रोग भनिन्छ। व्याक्तीलाई मानसिक रोगीको सिकार बनाउने सरुवा मानसिक रोग पनि एक कारण हो।

केही प्रचलित मानसिक रोगहरू

हुनत प्रत्यक व्याक्ती कुनै न कुनै मानसिक रोगको सिकार हुन्छ। जस्तै निदमा बोल्नु, एक्लै बरबराउनु, रक्शी, जाँड, चरस, गाँजा, अफिम जस्ता लागु पदार्थको दुर्वेसनी बन्नु अचानक रिसाउनु आदी सबै मानसिक रोग नै मानिन्छ तर कुनै खास रोगका कारण व्याक्तीको मानसिक सन्तुलन पुरै बिग्रेर व्याक्तीको दिमागले सही काम गर्न छोड्छ भने त्यसलाई पूर्ण रूपले मानसिक रोगको सिकार भएको मानिन्छ। यसरी व्याक्तीलाई पूर्ण मानसिक रोगी बनाउने खालका केही रोगहरू यस प्रकार रहेका छन्।

मानसिक रोगीको उपचार

  • Usually, mental disorders related problems are treated with different methods as they have different symptoms.
  • The first important thing is to find out the causes & strong desires those have the patient.If the desires are quite imposible then try to make him away from that & make baffled him/ her.For certain kind of problems,there are certain king of treatments as example, depression is a kind of mental disorder related problem which is included in mental disorders.
  • According to mental or psychological science, the main psychological or mental disorders are referred to depression, frustration, psychosis,Or insanity because with this kind of disorders indicate most dangerous situation around the society & patients having this problems have quite different dealing or behaving ways & patients not just have likelihood of having coma or unconscious but they have hallucinations, delusions in their minds.
  • For the patients of depression, there are effective treatment centres or therapy available in the recent days Depression is effectively cured with the help of scientific methods as well as religious methods but for the mild situation or moderate situation, the religious methods are quite effective. And for the critical situation, scientific methods are best. Scientific method refers to those treatmens which offer just counseling of psychiatrist & effective medicines for the certain problems.
  • A depressed guy has no any interests in their lifetime so, for this,doctor makes different ways to make them interested like other guys. Especially, patients are recommended just antidepressants medicines like Triplin,lonazep or it has different names even for the same medicine. But doctor will conform the duration of medicines taken by the patient or for the mild conditions doctor refers just 6 months , & if the case is quite critical, for this it is recommended more than 1 years until the case would be quite good like before.
  • For the 'panic attack' patients , there is effective treatment therapy centres than to that of scientific methods but if it is quite serious for this, the patient needs emergency services to deliver to hospital.
  • More than 1 time has been unconscious patient needs more duration for good treatment , it is recommended more than 1 years or psychosis patient must use medicine for long terms.
  • The depressed patient, has just a wish to die or suicide therefore, to prevent from this risks, there should be rigorous cares until the patient feels good from medicine use.
  • There are various example , that any depressed guy once were quite hopeless has been improved & socialised in society.
  • But treatment for depressed guy needs more effective.
  • In the context of Nepalneuro hospital offer best treatment for depressed person. But these days , in all hospitals there are psychiatric department separated.Modern fashion of treatment for any kind of mental disorders are quite effective.
  • The treatment of mental disorders here for Nepal is effectively done by Dr. 'Upendra Devkota in Norvic international hospital in ktm. Another best doctor here for Nepal is Dr. Chhang in siliguri of India near the boarder of Nepal where there is Dr. Chhang's super speciality hospital.

यो पनि हेर्नुहोस्