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Insertion of electrode during parkinson surgery.

Neurosurgery is the surgical discipline focused on treating those centralperipheral nervous system diseases amenable to mechanical intervention.

परिभाषा र क्षेत्र[सम्पादन गर्ने]

According to the U.S. Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME),

Neurological Surgery is a discipline of medicine र that specialty of surgery which provides the operative र nonoperative management (ie, prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, critical care, र rehabilitation) of disorders of the central, peripheral, र autonomic nervous systems, including their supporting structures र vascular supply; the evaluation र treatment of pathological processes that modify the function or activity of the nervous system, including the hypophysis: र the operative र nonoperative management of pain. As such, neurological surgery encompasses the surgical, nonsurgical र stereotactic radiosurgical treatment of adult र pediatric patients with disorders of the nervous system: disorders of the brain, meninges, skull base, र their blood supply, including the surgical र endovascular treatment of disorders of the intracranial र extracranial vasculature supplying the brain र spinal cord; disorders of the pituitary gland; disorders of the spinal cord, meninges, र vertebral column, including those that may require treatment by fusion, instrumentation,or endovascular techniques; र disorders of the cranial र spinal nerves throughout their distribution.

तालिम[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Old German engraving depicting a trepanation, an ancient र still performed neurosurgical procedure

In the U.S., neurosurgeons undergo a rigorous training program, known as a residency, consisting of ५–७ years of postgraduate study in neurosurgery (following a mandatory one-year surgery internship). After completing their residency training, some neurosurgeons undertake advanced subspecialty training in programs known as fellowships which are typically one or two years in duration. Some examples of subspecialty areas in neurosurgery include cerebrovascular र skull base surgery, epilepsy, functional र stereotactic neurosurgery, neurosurgery trauma, spine surgery, र pediatric neurosurgery. Admission into advanced fellowship training programs is extremely competitive.

In the United Kingdom र Ireland, competition is fierce for the senior house officerspecialist registrar posts leading up to a consultant qualification[१].

अबस्थाहरु[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Neurosurgical conditions include primarily brain, spinal cordperipheral nerve disorders.

Conditions treated by neurosurgeons include:

सन्दर्भ सामग्री[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. Chelvarajah R. Brain surgery... not rocket science. BMJ Career Focus 2004;328:95. Fulltext.

वह्य सेतु[सम्पादन गर्ने]

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