जिम्बाब्वे

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
यो लेख वा खण्ड नेपाली भाषामा नभएर अर्को भाषामा लेखिएको छ।
यसलाई नेपाली भाषामा उल्था गर्न आवश्यक छ।
यसलाई नेपालीमा उल्था गर्नुहोस। नेपालीमा लेख्ने तरिका हेर्न यहाँ क्लिक गर्नुहोस्।
Zimbabwe
Republic of Zimbabwe
Flag of Zimbabwe Coat of arms of Zimbabwe
राष्ट्र वाणी: "Unity, Freedom, Work"
राष्ट्रिय गानSimudzai Mureza wedu WeZimbabwe  (Shona)
Kalibusiswe Ilizwe leZimbabwe  (Sindebele)
"Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe"

Location of Zimbabwe
राजधानी
(र largest city)
Harare (formerly Salisbury)
17°50′S 31°3′E / -17.833, 31.05
राष्ट्र भाषा English
मान्यता प्राप्त क्षेत्रिय भाषाहरू Shona, Sindebele
Demonym Zimbabwean
सरकार Semi-presidential, parliamentary, consociationalist republic (led by ZANU-PF and MDC)
 -  President Robert Mugabe
 -  Vice President Joseph Msika
Joice Mujuru
 -  Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai
 -  Deputy Prime Minister Arthur Mutambara
Thokozani Khuphe
 -  President of the Senate Edna Madzongwe
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Rhodesia November 11, 1965 
 -  Zimbabwe April 18, 1980 
क्षेत्रफल
 -  जम्मा ३९०,७५७ वर्ग किलोमिटर (60th)
१५०,८७१ वर्ग माइल 
 -  जल (%) 1
जनसङ्ख्या
 -  January 2008 अनुमानित 13,349,0001 (68th)
 -  घनत्व 33 प्रति वर्ग किलोमिटर(170th)
८५ प्रति वर्ग माइल
कुल गार्हस्थ उत्पादन(GDP) (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $2.2 billion (158th)
 -  प्रति व्यक्ति आय $188 (179th)
Gini (2003) 56.8 (high
HDI (2007) 0.513 (medium) (151st)
मुद्रा Dollar ($) (ZWD)
समय क्षेत्र Central Africa Time (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC+2)
ईन्टरनेट टिडिएल .zw
टेलिफोन कोड +263
1 Estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS.

जिम्बाब्वे, आधिकारिक तरिकामा जिम्बाब्वे गणराज्य (अङ्ग्रेजी: Republic of Zimbabwe), जसलाई पहिले दक्षिण रोडेशिया, रोडेशिया, रोडेशिया गणराज्य र जिम्बाब्वे रोडेशियाको नामले चिनिन्थ्यो, अफ्रीकी महाद्धीपको दक्षिणी भागमा जाम्बेजीलिम्पोपो नदिहरूको बीच स्थित एक स्थल-रुद्ध (लैंडलक) देश हो। यसको सीमायें दक्षिणमा दक्षिण अफ्रीका, दक्षिण पश्चिममा बोत्सवाना पश्चिमोत्तरमा जाम्बिया र पूर्वमा मोजाम्बिक से मिलछ। अङ्ग्रेजी, शोना (एक बांतु भाषा), र देबेल (यह पनि एक बांतु भाषा) जिम्बाब्वेको तीन आधिकारिक भाषाहरू छन्।

जिम्बाब्वेको शुरुवात ब्रिटिश किरीट उपनिवेशको एक भाग रोडेशियाको रूपमा भए। राष्ट्रपति रबर्ट मुगाबे राष्ट्र प्रमुख र सशस्त्र बलहरूको सेनानायक छन्। मर्गन स्वानगिरई प्रधानमंत्री छ। स्वतंत्रता प्राप्ति पछि से मुगाबे देशको सत्तामा काबिज छन्।

Zimbabwe (उच्चारण सहायता /zɪmˈbɑːbweɪ/), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe and formerly Southern Rhodesia, the Republic of Rhodesia and Zimbabwe Rhodesia, is a landlocked country, located in the southern part of the continent of Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest, and Mozambique to the east. The official language of Zimbabwe is English. However, the majority of the population speaks Shona, which is the native language of the Shona people, a Bantu language; the country's other native language is Sindebele, which is spoken by the Matabele people.

The country is ruled by President Robert Mugabe, who is accused by rights groups of massive violations of human rights.[१] Zimbabwe is currently experiencing a hard currency shortage, which has led to hyperinflation and chronic shortages in imported fuel and consumer goods. President Mugabe's critics blame his program of land reform. However, Mugabe claims that massive financial isolation through American, British, and European Union legislation such as the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001 is the actual cause of hyperinflation. Under ZDERA, the United States is prohibited from supporting any efforts by the International Monetary Fund and other financial institutions to extend loans, credit or debt cancellation to the Zimbabwean government.

Zimbabwe's current economic and food crisis, described by some observers as the country's worst humanitarian crisis since independence, has been attributed, in varying degrees, to government economic mismanagement, government prohibitions on relief efforts from foreign non-governmental organizations, a drought affecting the entire region, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic.[२]

नामाकरण[सम्पादन गर्ने]

जिम्बाब्वे भन्ने शब्द "Dzimba dza mabwe" भन्नेबाट आएको हो जसको अर्थ शोना भाषामा "ढुंगाको ठूलो घर" हो। [३] यो देशमा प्राचीन ग्रेट जिम्बाब्वेको राजधानी मोनोमोतापा पर्ने भएको हुनाले यो देशको नाम जिम्बाब्वे राखिएको हो।

National anthem[सम्पादन गर्ने]

"Blessed be the Land of Zimbabwe" (Shona: "Simudzai Mureza wedu WeZimbabwe";[१] Northern Ndebele: "Kalibusiswe Ilizwe leZimbabwe") is the national anthem of Zimbabwe. It was introduced in March 1994 after a nation-wide competition to replace "Ishe Komborera Africa" as a distinctly Zimbabwean song. The winning entry was a song written by Professor Solomon Mutswairo and composed by Fred Changundega. It has been translated into all three of the main languages of Zimbabwe.

See also[सम्पादन गर्ने]

References[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  • Zimbabwe:A Rhodesian Mystery, Roger Summers, Thomas Nelson and Sons (Africa) (Pty) Ltd., Johannesburg 1965. A discussion of the archeology of the Zimbabwe ruins.
  • "The Rhodesian Crisis: Tanzania's Role," Chapter Eight, pp. 211 – 250, in Godfrey Mwakikagile, Nyerere and Africa: End of an Era: Expanded Edition - Includes Photos, Second Edition, Protea Publishing, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, 2005; also in Godfrey Mwakikagile, Nyerere and Africa: End of an Era, Third Edition, New Africa Press, Pretoria, South Africa, 2006, pp. 226 – 267.

External links[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Zimbabweको बारेमा विकिपिडियाका भातृ योजनाहरूमा खोज्नुहोस:

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