पठान

स्वतन्त्र विश्वकोश, नेपाली विकिपिडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्
Pashtun
پښتانه
Paṣ̌tun
Sher Shah Suri by Breshna-cropped.jpg
Dost Mohammad Khan, Nawab of Bhopal-cropped.jpg
Shah Mahmud Hotak of Afghanistan.jpg
Portrait miniature of Ahmad Shah Durrani-cropped.jpg
Dost Mohammad Khan of Afghanistan-cropped.jpg
Lithograph of Akbar Khan in 1842-cropped.jpg
Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan-cropped.jpg
MohammadAyoubKhan-cropped.jpg
King Amanullah of Afghanistan-cropped.jpg
Queen Soraya of Afghanistan-cropped.jpg
King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan in 1963-cropped.jpg
Abdul Ghaffar Khan-cropped.jpg
Madhubala in the 1949 film Dulari-cropped.jpg
Younus Khan 2010.jpg
KaderKhan-cropped.jpg
Shahrukh Khan CE.jpg
Muhammad Ayub Khan.JPG
Karzai in June 2014-cropped.jpg
Z Khalilzad-cropped.jpg
Konferenz Pakistan und der Westen - Imran Khan (4155877864) cropped.jpg
Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai in July 2011-cropped.jpg
Shahid Afridi 2010-cropped.jpg
Malala Yousafzai at Girl Summit 2014-cropped.jpg
जम्मा जनसङ्ख्या
(Approx. ५ करोड (2011))
उल्लेखीय जनसङ्ख्या भएका क्षेत्रहरू
 पाकिस्तान 29,342,892 (2012)
 अफगानिस्तान 12,776,369 (2012)
 भारत Over 6,000 families[२]
 UAE 338,315 (2009)[३]
 संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका 138,554 (2010)[४]
 Iran 110,000 (1993)[५]
 संयुक्त अधिराज्य 100,000 (2009)[६]
 जर्मनी 37,800 (2012)[७]
 क्यानडा 26,000 (2006)[८]
 रसिया 9,800 (2002)[९]
 अस्ट्रेलिया 8,154 (2006)[१०]
 मलेशिया 5,500 (2008)
 Tajikistan 4,000 (1970)[५]
भाषाहरू
पश्तो
धर्मावलम्बी
इस्लाम

पठान (पश्तो: ur‎, पश्ताना) (उर्दू:ur) दक्षिण एसियामा बसोबास गर्ने एक जनजाति (समुदाय) हो। यो जातिको मूलथलो अफगानिस्तानमा हिन्दु कुश पर्वतपाकिस्तानमा सिन्धु नदीको छेउछाउको क्षेत्र हो। तर अहिले यो समुदाय अफगानिस्तान, पाकिस्तान र भारतका अन्य धेरै क्षेत्रमा बसोबास गरेको पाइन्छ।[११][१२]

यो पनि हेर्नुहोस्[सम्पादन गर्ने]

सन्दर्भ सामग्रीहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. Jaffrelot, Christophe (2004). A history of Pakistan and its origins. Anthem Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-84331-149-2 . http://books.google.com/books?id=Q9sI_Y2CKAcC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA69#v=onepage&q&f=false. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति: 22 August 2010. 
  2. The History, Antiquities, Topography, and Statistics of Eastern India: In Relation to Their Geology, Mineralogy, Botany, Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures, Fine Arts, Population, Religion, Education, Statistics, Etc., by Robert Montgomery Martin, Cambridge University Press. [१], pg. 145. "Of the Pathans, there are above 6,000 families, chiefly settled in Nawada, Sheykhpura, and Patna." Link here
  3. "United Arab Emirates: Demography". Encyclopædia Britannica World Data. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. http://www.britannica.com/new-multimedia/pdf/wordat207.pdf. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति: 15 March 2008. 
  4. 42% of 200,000 Afghan-Americans = 84,000 and 15% of 363,699 Pakistani-Americans = 54,554. Total Afghan and Pakistani Pashtuns in USA = 138,554.
  5. ५.० ५.१ "Ethnologue report for Southern Pashto: Iran (1993)". SIL International. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=pbt. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति: 5 May 2012. 
  6. Maclean, William. "Support for Taliban dives among British Pashtuns", Reuters, 10 June 2009. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति:6 August 2009.
  7. Relations between Afghanistan and Germany: Germany is now home to almost 90,000 people of Afghan origin. 42% of 90,000 = 37,800
  8. "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada". 2.statcan.ca. 2006. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/highlights/ethnic/pages/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo=PR&Code=01&Data=Count&Table=2&StartRec=1&Sort=3&Display=All&CSDFilter=5000. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति: 17 April 2010. 
  9. "Perepis.ru" (ruमा). perepis2002.ru. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/TOM_04_P1.doc. 
  10. "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex – Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/ViewData?breadcrumb=POLTD&method=Place%20of%20Usual%20Residence&subaction=-1&issue=2006&producttype=Census%20Tables&documentproductno=0&textversion=false&documenttype=Details&collection=Census&javascript=true&topic=Ancestry&action=404&productlabel=Ancestry%20(full%20classification%20list)%20by%20Sex&order=1&period=2006&tabname=Details&areacode=0&navmapdisplayed=true&. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति: 2 June 2008.  Total responses: 25,451,383 for total count of persons: 19,855,288.
  11. The Pathan Borderland, James William Spain, Mouton, ... The most familiar name in the west is Pathan, a Hindi term adopted by the British, which is usally applied only to the people living east of the Durand ...
  12. Afghanistan: Glossary, British Library, ... Comes to mean 'Pathans' residing in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Divided into two main groups, the Abdalis (qv) and the Ghilzais (qv) ...

बाह्य लिङ्कहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]