मार्गरेट थ्याचर

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मार्गरेट थ्याचर
मार्गरेट थ्याचर
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४ मे १९७९ – २८ नोभेम्बर १९९०
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उतराधिकारीजोन मेजर
विपक्षी नेता
कार्यकाल
११ फेब्रुअरी १९७५ – ४ मे १९७९
शासकएलिजाबेथ द्वितीय
प्रधानमन्त्रीहेराल्ड विल्सन
जेम्स कैलहन
अग्रजएड्वर्ड हीथ
उतराधिकारीजेम्स क्यालहन
कन्जर्भेटिव पार्टीको नेता
कार्यकाल
११ फेब्रुअरी १९७५ – २८ नोभेम्बर १९९०
अग्रजएड्वर्ड हीथ
उतराधिकारीजोन मेजर
शिक्षा र विज्ञान मन्त्री
कार्यकाल
२० जून १९७० – ४ मार्च १९७४
प्रधानमन्त्रीएड्वर्ड हीथ
अग्रजएड्वर्ड शोर्ट
उतराधिकारीरेजिनल्ड प्रैन्टिस
सांसद
In office
८ अक्टूबर १९५९ – ९ अप्रिल १९९२
अग्रजजन क्राउडर
उतराधिकारीहार्ट्ले बूथ
व्यक्तिगत विवरण
जन्ममारगरेट हिल्डा रोबर्ट्स
१९२५/१०/१३
ग्रान्थम, लिङ्कनशायर,
ब्रिटेन
मृत्यु८ अप्रिल २०१३(२०१३-०४-०८) (८७ वर्ष)
लन्डन,
ब्रिटेन
राजनीतिक पार्टीकन्जर्भेटिव पार्टी
जीवन साथी(हरू)डेनिस थ्याचर
(विवाहित 1951–2003, उनको मृत्यु)
सन्तान(हरू)कैरल थ्याचर
मार्क थ्याचर
निवासचेस्टर स्क्वायर
अल्मा माटरसमरविल कलेज, अक्सफोर्ड
इन्स ओफ कोर्ट
पेशारसायन शास्त्री
वकील

मार्गरेट हिल्डा थ्याचर (सन्१९२५-२०१३) बेलायती राजनीतिज्ञ थिइन्। थ्याचर लगातार १५ वर्ष बेलायतको कन्जरभेटिभ पार्टीकी प्रमुख रहेकी थिइन्।[१] १९७९ देखि १९९० सम्म बेलायतको प्रधानमन्त्री पद सम्हालेकी उनी बेलायतको इतिहासमा नै सबैभन्दा लामो पदावधि चलाउने प्रधानमन्त्री हुन्। आफ्नो राजनीतिक अडानमा दृढ रहने यिनी लौह महिला (Iron Lady)को रूपमा परिचित थिइन्। मार्गरेट थ्याचरको अप्रिल ८ तारिख ८७ वर्षको उमेरमा निधन भयो।[१][२] पछिल्लो केही समय देखि स्मरणशक्ति हराउने गरेकोले उनलाई चिकित्सकहरूले करिब दश वर्षअघिदेखि नै नबोल्न सुझाएका थिए। कयौँ पटकसम्म उनलाई हृदयघातको धक्का महसुश भएको थियो। उनि सबै भन्दा शक्तिशाली नेत्री महिला पनि हुन्।

टिप्पणीहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

सन्दर्भ समग्रीहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

ग्रन्थसूची[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  • Beckett, Andy (2010). When the Lights Went Out; Britain in the Seventies. Faber & Faber. . 
  • Burns, William E. (2009). A Brief History of Great Britain. Facts on File. . 
  • Beckett, Clare (2006). Margaret Thatcher. Haus Publishing. . 
  • Blundell, John (2008). Margaret Thatcher: a portrait of the Iron Lady. Algora. . 
  • Butler, David; Butler, Gareth (1994). British Political Facts 1900–1994 (7 संस्करण). Macmillan. . 
  • Campbell, John (2000). Margaret Thatcher; Volume One: The Grocer's Daughter. Pimlico. . 
  • Campbell, J. Title=Margaret Thatcher Volume Two: The Iron Lady (२०११), Random House।  লেখা "ref-harv" উপেক্ষা করা হয়েছে (सहायता); |title= रितो (सहायता)
  • Campbell, John (2003). Margaret Thatcher; Volume Two: The Iron Lady. Pimlico. . 
  • Childs, David (2006). Britain since 1945: a political history (6 संस्करण). Taylor & Francis. . 
  • Cochrane, Feargal (2001). Unionist Politics and the Politics of Unionism Since the Anglo-Irish Agreement. Cork University Press. . 
  • English, Richard (2005). Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA. OUP. . 
  • Evans, Eric (2004). Thatcher and Thatcherism (The Making of the Contemporary World) (2 संस्करण). Routledge. . 
  • Erickson, Carolly (2005). Lilibet: An Intimate Portrait of Elizabeth II. Macmillan. . 
  • Feigenbaum, Harvey; Henig, Jeffrey; Hamnett, Chris (1998). Shrinking the State: The Political Underpinnings of Privatization. Cambridge University Press. . 
  • Floud, Roderick; Johnson, Paul (2004). The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain, Volume 3. Cambridge University Press. . 
  • Gamble, Andrew (2009). The Spectre at the Feast: Capitalist Crisis and the Politics of Recession. Palgrave Macmillan. . 
  • Gilbert, Martin (2002). A History of the Twentieth Century. Harper Perennial. . 
  • Glyn, Andrew (1992). "The 'Productivity Miracle', Profits and Investment'". In Michie, Jonathan. The Economic Legacy, 1979–1992. Academic Press. pp. 77–87. . 
  • Görtemaker, Manfred (2006). Britain and Germany in the Twentieth Century. Berg Publishers. . 
  • Jackling, Roger (2005). "The Impact of the Falklands Conflict on Defence Policy". In Badsey, Stephen; Grove, Mark; Havers, Rob. The Falklands Conflict Twenty Years On: Lessons for the Future (Sandhurst Conference Series). Routledge. . 
  • Jones, Bill; Kavanagh, Dennis; Moran, Michael (2007). "Media organisations and the political process". Politics UK (6 संस्करण). Longman. . 
  • Khabaz, D.V. (2007). Manufactured Schema: Thatcher, the Miners and the Culture Industry. Matador. . 
  • Kavanagh, Dennis (1997). The Reordering of British Politics: Politics after Thatcher. OUP. . 
  • Lacey, Robert (2003). Monarch: The Life and Reign of Elizabeth II. Simon & Schuster. . 
  • Lawson, Nigel (1992). The View from No. 11: Memoirs of a Tory Radical. Bantam. . 
  • McAleese, Dermott (2004). Economics For Business: Competition, Macro-stability & Globalisation (3 संस्करण). Financial Times Management. . 
  • Moloney, Ed (2002). A Secret History of the IRA. W. W. Norton & Company. . 
  • Reitan, Earl Aaron (2003). The Thatcher Revolution: Margaret Thatcher, John Major, Tony Blair, and the Transformation of Modern Britain, 1979–2001. Rowman & Littlefield. . 
  • Richards, Howard (2004). Understanding the Global Economy. Peace Education Books. . 
  • Seldon, Anthony; Collings, Daniel (2000). Britain Under Thatcher. Longman. . 
  • Senden, Linda (2004). Soft Law in European Community Law. Hart Publishing. . 
  • Seward, Ingrid (2001). The Queen and Di: The Untold Story. Arcade Publishing. . 
  • Thatcher, Margaret (1993). The Downing Street Years. HarperCollins. . 
  • Thatcher, Margaret (1995). The Path to Power. HarperCollins. . 
  • Thornton, Richard C. (2006). The Reagan Revolution II: Rebuilding the Western Alliance. Trafford Publishing. . 
  • Toye, Richard; Gottlieb, Julie V. (2005). Making Reputations: Power, Persuasion and the Individual in Modern British Politics. I. B. Tauris. . 
  • Veljanovski, Cento (1990). "The Political Economy of Regulation". In Dunleavy, Patrick; Gamble, Andrew; Peele, Gillian. Developments in British Politics 3. Macmillan. 
  • Wapshott, Nicholas (2007). Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher: A Political Marriage. Sentinel. . 
  • Wheeler, Tony (2004). The Falklands and South Georgia Island. Lonely Planet. . 
  • Williams, Andy (1998). UK Government & Politics. Heinemann. . 

थप अध्ययन[सम्पादन गर्ने]

Biographies
  • Abse, Leo (1989). Margaret, Daughter of Beatrice. Jonathan Cape. . 
  • Dale, Iain, सं (2000). Memories of Maggie. Politicos. . 
  • Pugh, Peter; Flint, Carl (1997). Thatcher for Beginners. Icon Books. . 
  • Young, Hugo (1993). One of Us: Life of Margaret Thatcher (2nd संस्करण). Pan Books. . 

राजनीतिक विश्लेषण

  • Jenkins, Peter (1987). Mrs. Thatcher's Revolution: Ending of the Socialist Era. Jonathan Cape. . 
  • Jones, Bill (1999). Political Issues in Britain Today. Manchester University Press. . 
  • Letwin, Shirley Robin (1992). The Anatomy of Thatcherism. Flamingo. . 
  • Young, Hugo (1986). The Thatcher Phenomenon. BBC. . 

थ्याचरद्वारा लिखित पुस्तकहरू

  • Thatcher, Margaret; Harris, Robin (1997). Harris, Robin Harris. ed. The Collected Speeches of Margaret Thatcher. HarperCollins. . 
  • Thatcher, Margaret (2002). Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World. HarperCollins. . 

मन्त्रीहरूका आत्मकथा[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  • Major, John (1999). The Autobiography. HarperCollins. . 
  • Ridley, Nicholas (1991). 'My Style of Government': The Thatcher Years. Hutchinson. . 

बाह्य लिङ्कहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  • British television appearances
    • Val Meets... Margaret Thatcher, ७ March १९७३ (BBC iPlayer) This is the programme in which she stated there would not be "a woman Prime Minister in my lifetime".