घरपालुवा जनावर

नेपाली विकिपीडियाबाट
यसमा जानुहोस्: परिचालन, खोज्नुहोस्

यो विश्वभरका मानिसले घरमा पाल्ने जनावरहरूको सूची हो। [१]

घरपालुवा जनावरहरूको सूची[सम्पादन गर्ने]

जाति/प्रजाति जंगली पुर्खा मिति उत्पति स्थान उपयोग तस्विर परिवर्तन Extent in wild vs captivity
कुकुर (Canis lupus familiaris) ब्वाँसो (Canis lupus) इपू ३०००० र इपू १५००० को बिच

[२]

युरेशिया मासु, पाल्तु जनावर, सौख, शिकार, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान, धार्मिक प्रयोजन, लडाईं, दौड, यातायात, काम गराउन, उद्दार कार्य, पथ प्रदर्शन, सेवा, पहरा, भेडाको रेखदेख Pembroke Welsh Corgi 600.jpg tame; significant physical and behavioral changes Very common in captivity, wild relatives are much less common
भेडा (Ovis aries) मफ्लन (Ovis orientalis) इपू ११,००० र इपू ९,००० को बिच[३][४] दक्षिणपश्चिम एशिया(इरान) मासु, दुध, छाला, पाल्तु जनावर, सौख, दौड, धार्मिक प्रयोजन, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान, पहरा, लडाईं, सजावट Pair of Icelandic Sheep.jpg Some physical changes
बंगुर (Sus scrofa domesticus) बँदेल (Sus scrofa) इपू ९,०००[५] पूर्वी क्षेत्र, चीन मासु, छाला, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान, सौख, दौड, लडाईं, काम गराउन, पाल्तु जनावर Sow with piglet.jpg Some physical changes
बाख्रा (Capra aegagrus hircus) जंगली बाख्रा (Capra aegagrus) 8000 BC[६] इरान दुध, मासु, काम गराउन, छाला, रौँ, सौख, दौड, धार्मिक प्रयोजन, लडाईं, पाल्तु जनावर Capra, Crete 4.jpg Slight physical changes
गाई (Bos primigenius taurus) अरक्स (Bos primigenius) (विलुप्त) इपू ८,०००[७][८] युरोप, एशियाउत्तर अफ्रिका मासु, दुध, छाला, काम गराउन, खेतबारी जोत्न, रगत, यातायात, मल, लडाईं, सौख, पाल्तु जनावर, धार्मिक प्रयोजन Cow female black white.jpg Some physical changes Common in captivity, wild relatives extinct
जेबु (Bos primigenius indicus) अरक्स (Bos primigenius) (विलुप्त) इपू ८,००० भारत मासु, दुध, छाला, काम गराउन, खेतबारी जोत्न, रगत, यातायात, मल, लडाईं, सौख, दौड, धार्मिक प्रयोजन Bos taurus indicus.jpg Considerable physical changes Wild relatives extinct
बिरालो (Felis catus) जंगली बिरालो (Felis silvestris) इपू ७,५००[९][१०][११][१२] पूर्वी क्षेत्र किरा नियन्त्रण, पाल्तु जनावर, सौख, मासु, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान Felis catus-cat on snow.jpg tame, some physical changes Very abundant in captivity, true wildcats less abundant. Feral populations very common.
कुखुरा (Gallus gallus domesticus) लुइँचे (Gallus gallus) इपू ६,०००[१३] भारतदक्षिणपूर्वी एशिया मासु, अण्डा, प्वाँख, छाला, सौख, दौड, सजावट, लडाईं, पाल्तु जनावर Gallus gallus male Kaziranga 1.jpg Some physical changes
गिनी पिग (Cavia porcellus) मोन्टाने गिनी पिग (Cavia tschudii) इपू ५,०००[१४] पेरू मासु, पाल्तु जनावर, सौख, दौड, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान Caviaklein.jpg Tame, slight physical changes
गधा (Equus Africanus asinus) अफ्रिकन जंगली गधा (Equus Africannus) इपू ५,०००[१५][१६] इजिप्ट यातायात, काम गराउन, खेतबारी जोत्न, सवारी, मासु, दुध, पाल्तु जनावर, दौड, पहरा Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg Slight physical changes
घरपालुवा हाँस (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) हरियो टाउके हाँस (Anas platyrhnchos) इपू ४,००० चीन मासु, प्वाँख, रगत, अण्डा, पाल्तु जनावर, सौख, दौड, सजावट Taiwanese duck farm.jpg Considerable physical changes
भैंसी (Bubalus bubalis) अर्ना (Bubalus arnee) इपू ४,००० भारत, चीन काम गराउन, खेतबारी जोत्न, सवारी, लडाईं, मासु, सौख, दौड, दुध BUFFALO159.JPG Mainly unchanged from wild animal
घोडा (Equus ferus caballus) जंगली घोडा (Equus ferus) इपू ४,०००[१७] Eurasian Steppes मासु, यातायात, काम गराउन, पथ प्रदर्शन, सेवा, शिकार, खेतबारी जोत्न, सवारी, लडाईं, सौख, वैवाहिक प्रयोजन, दौड, धार्मिक प्रयोजन, दुध, पाल्तु जनावर Nokota Horses cropped.jpg Tame, some physical changes mainly in coloration Common in captivity, very rare in wild
रेसम किरा (Bombyx mori) जंगली रेसम किरा (Bombyx mandarina) 3000 BC चीन रेसम, खाना, पाल्तु जनावर, मासु Silkworms3000px.jpg Unchanged from wild population
परेवा (Columba livia domestica) मलेवा (Columba livia) 3000 BC भूमध्यसागरिय तट सौख, वैवाहिक प्रयोजन, खबर आदान प्रदान, मासु, दौड, पाल्तु जनावर Australian saddleback tumbler.jpg Artificially selected into many varieties, including meat breeds, racing/messenger breeds, and fancy plumage breeds
घरपालुवा पानीहाँस (Anser anser domesticus) कलहाँस (Anser anser) 3000 BC इजिप्ट मासु, प्वाँख, अण्डा, सौख, पहरा, पाल्तु जनावर Neugierige Hausgans.JPG Considerable physical changes
लामा (Lama glama) गुनाको (Lama guanicoe) 2400 BC[१८] पेरू यातायात, काम गराउन, सवारी, मासु, सौख, वैवाहिक प्रयोजन, दौड, पाल्तु जनावर, पहरा Pack llamas posing near Muir Trail.jpg Slight physical changes
अल्पाका (Vicugna pacos) भिकुना (Vicugna vicugna) 2400 BC[१८] पेरू दुध, यातायात, मासु, सौख, पाल्तु जनावर, पहरा Corazon Full.jpg Considerable physical changes
घरपालुवा लौकाट (Numida meleagris) लौकाट (Numida melegris) 2400 BC[१९] अफ्रीका मासु, अण्डा, किरा नियन्त्रण, सौख, संकेत, पाल्तु जनावर Numida meleagris Ngorongoro Conservation Area 1.jpg Mainly unaltered from wild population
Ferret (Mustela putorius furo) European polecat (Mustela putorius) 1500 BC युरोप शिकार, किरा नियन्त्रण, सौख, दौड, पाल्तु जनावर Ferret 2008.png Tame, slight physical changes
Ringneck dove (Streptopelia risoria) अफ्रीकन कण्ठे ढुकुर (streptopelia roseogrisea) 500 BC उत्तरी अफ्रीका सौख, पाल्तु जनावर Feral Barbary Dove.jpg Slight physical changes
Bali cattle (Bos javanicus domestica) Banteng (Bos javanicus) Unknown दक्षिणपूर्व एशिया, Java मासु, दुध, सौख, दौड, काम गराउन, खेतबारी जोत्न, Banteng Domesticated Bali Bull.PNG Slight physical changes
गयल (Bos frontalis) गौरीगाई (Bos gaurus) Unknown दक्षिणपूर्व एशिया मासु Bos gaurus (Gayal) male.JPG Slight physical changes
घरपालुवा टर्की (Meleagris gallopavo) जंगली टर्की (Meleagris gallopavo) 180[१८] मेक्सिको, संयुक्त राज्य मासु, प्वाँख, अण्डा, सौख, पाल्तु जनावर Bronzepute 04.jpg Considerable physical changes
सुनौलो माछा (Carassius auratus auratus) प्रसियन कार्प (Carassius gibelio) 300–400 चीन पाल्तु जनावर, सौख, दौड, सजावट Gullfiskur.jpg Tame/held captive, significant physical changes
घरपालुवा खरायो (Oryctolagus cuniculus) युरोपियन खरायो (Oryctolagus cuniculus) 600[२०] युरोप मासु, पाल्तु जनावर, सौख, दौड, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान EnglishSpotRabbitChocolate1(cropped).jpg Tame, significant physical changes
Domestic Canary (Serinus canaria domestica) Atlantic Canary (Serinus canaria) 15th century Canary Islands, युरोप पाल्तु जनावर, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान, सौख, mining, लडाईं Zwei Kanarienvögel.JPG Slight physical changes
काराबाओ (Bubalus bubalis carabenesis) अर्ना (Bubalus arnee) 17th century फिलिपिन्स काम गराउन, खेतबारी जोत्न, सवारी, लडाईं, मासु, दुध, सौख, दौड Carabao.jpg Few changes from wild population
Siamese Fighting fish (Betta splendens) Unknown species of the genus Betta 19th century थाइल्याण्ड लडाईं, पाल्तु जनावर HM Orange M Sarawut.jpg Tame/held captive, very significant physical र slight behavioral changes
Koi (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus) Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) 1820s जापान सजावट, सौख, पाल्तु जनावर Six koi.jpg Tame/held captive, considerable physical changes
Domesticated silver fox (Vulpes vulpes) रातो फ्याउरो (Vulpes vulpes) 1950s सोभियत संघ, रसिया वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान, पाल्तु जनावर Silberfuchs 08.jpg Tame, some physical changes Very small domestic population, wild relatives fairly common
Domesticated hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) Four-toed Hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) 1980s मध्यपूर्वी अफ्रीका पाल्तु जनावर Baxter flower.jpg Slight physical changes
Society Finch (Lonchura striata domestica) White-rumped Munia (Lonchura striata) date uncertain जापान पाल्तु जनावर, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान Rbruni.JPG Slight physical changes
याक (Bos grunniens) जंगली याक (Bos mutus) 2500 BC तिब्बत दुध, यातायात, काम गराउन, खेतबारी जोत्न, सवारी, दौड, लडाईं, मासु, fibre Bos grunniens - Syracuse Zoo.jpg Slight physical changes
Fancy ratLab rat Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) 1800s संयुक्त अधिराज्य पाल्तु जनावर, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान, सौख Ratte-Vache.jpeg Tame, some physical र psychological changes Common in captivity र in the wild
घरपालुवा भारतिय उँट (Camelus dromedarius) Wild Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius) 4000 BC अरब यातायात, काम गराउन, शिकार, खेतबारी जोत्न, सवारी, सौख, वैवाहिक प्रयोजन, दौड, धार्मिक प्रयोजन, लडाईं, दुध, मासु Camelus dromedarius at Tierpark Berlin (1).JPG Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, small feral population, true wild dromedaries may be extinct
घरपालुवा ब्याक्ट्रियन उँट (Camelus bactrianus) जंगली ब्याक्ट्रियन उँट (Camelus bactrianus) 2500 BC Central एशिया दुध, यातायात, काम गराउन, शिकार, खेतबारी जोत्न, सवारी, लडाईं, सौख, वैवाहिक प्रयोजन, दौड, धार्मिक प्रयोजन, मासु, hair Chameau de bactriane.JPG Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, critically endangered in the wild
Guppy (Poecilia reticulata some strains)[२१] Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) Unknown Barbados, Brazil, Guyana पाल्तु जनावर Guppy coppia gialla.jpg Held/tame in captivity, significant physical changes
Fancy mouse House mouse (Mus musculus) 1100 BC चीन पाल्तु जनावर, वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान, दौड, खाना Minimouse.jpg Tame, significant physical changes Common in captivity र in the wild


अर्ध घरपालुवा वा अवस्था खुल्न नसकेका जनावरहरू[सम्पादन गर्ने]

जाति/प्रजाति जंगली पुर्खा मिति उत्पति स्थान उपयोग तस्विर प्रकार Extent in wild vs captivity
पश्चिमी घरपालुवा मौरी (Apis mellifera), तथा यसका उपप्रजातिहरू Italian bee (Apis mellifera ligustica), युरोपेली कालो मौरी (Apis mellifera mellifera), र Carniolan honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica) Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), and appropriate subspecies 4000 BC (1880s for A.m. lingustica, modern for A.m. mellifera, uncertain for A.m. carnica) युरोप, एशियाअफ्रिका honey, wax, pollination Bee-apis.jpg घरपालुवा
Semi-domesticated Reindeer Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) 3000 BC एशियाn subarctic. meat, milk, transportation, working, draft, mount, hides, racing, leather, antlers Caribou using antlers.jpg अर्ध-घरपालुवा
Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) 2500 BC इजिप्ट meat, horns, leather, skin Addax nasomaculatus closeup.jpg Held/tame in captivity Small captive population, but endangered in the wild
Scimitar oryx (Oryx dammah) Scimitar oryx (Oryx dammah) 2320-2150 BC इजिप्ट meat, hides, religion, ceremonies, horns Scimitar oryx1.jpg Held/tame in captivity Small captive population, but nearly extinct in wild
एशियन हात्ती (Elephas maximus), तथा उपप्रजाति भारतिय हात्ती (Elephas maximus indicus) एशियन हात्ती (Elephas maximus) 2000 BC Indus Valley Civilization working, transportation, hunting, show, racing, fighting, ceremonies, religion IndianElephant.jpg अर्ध-घरपालुवा
मण्डारिन हाँस (Aix galericulata) मण्डारिन हाँस (Aix galericulata) आधुनिक चीन (समय नखुलेको) चीन meat, fat, ornamental Aix galericulata - Zürich - Hafen Riesbach 2011-01-14 15-58-32.JPG Held/tame in captivity
Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) प्राचिन इजिप्ट (Date uncertain) इजिप्ट pest control, pets, religion Egyptian mongoose.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana) Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana) Date uncertain दक्षिणादक्षिणपूर्वी एशिया honey, pollination Asiatic-honey-bee.jpg Domesticated in captivity
Fallow Deer (Dama dama) Fallow Deer (Dama dama) 1000 BC Mediterranean Basin meat, hides, antlers Fallow deer in field.jpg domesticated
European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) 800 BC युरोप, एशिया bloodletting, surgery Svømmende blodigle.JPG
Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata) Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata) 700–600 BC[१८] दक्षिण अमेरिका meat, fat, feathers, eggs, show, pets MuscovyDuck.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) 700–500 BC[१८] चिली, पेरू, मेक्सिको dye Dactylopius coccus (Barlovento) 04 ies.jpg Held/tame in captivity Very common in the wild
भारतिय निलो मयूर (Pavo cristatus) भारतिय निलो मयूर (Pavo cristatus) 500 BC भारत show, feathers, meat, landscaping, ornamental, pets, garden bird, religion Indian Peahens I IMG 9647.jpg Held/tame in captivity Fairly common in the wild
Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Classical antiquity (Date uncertain) अफ्रीका, एशिया pets, talking bird Rose-ringed Parakeet I IMG 9797.jpg
Roman Snail (Helix pomatia) Roman Snail (Helix pomatia) 100 AD युरोप meat Helix pomatia 89a.jpg
Stingless bee (Melipona beecheii) Stingless bee (Melipona beecheii) 180 AD मेक्सिको, Amazon Basin honey, pollination Irapuã - REFON.jpg Semidomesticated
White Cockatoo (Cacatua alba) White Cockatoo (Cacatua alba) Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD) चीन pets, show Cacatua alba -pet-8a.jpg
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus) Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus) 960 AD जापान fishing Umiu wing 20090823.JPG Held/tame in captivity
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) 960 AD चीन fishing Phalacrocorax carbo ja01.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) 1000-1500 युरोप meat, landscaping, feathers, garden bird CygneVaires.jpg Semidomesticated
House cricket (Acheta domestica) House cricket (Acheta domestica) 12th century दक्षिणपश्चिम एशिया, चीन, जापान meat, food, fighting, pets Acheta domestica male.png Domesticated in captivity Somewhat common in captivity, very common in wild
Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica) Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica) 1100–1900 जापान meat, eggs, pets 3 Japanese quails less than 1 year old.JPG Domesticated in captivity
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) 1200–1500 युरोप, एशिया meat LakePowellCarp5437.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Java Sparrow (Padda oryzivora) Java Sparrow (Padda oryzivora) Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 AD) चीन pets Buberel Lonchura oryzivora 3.jpg Non-wild coloration pied and fancy colored Javas from long Asian captivity lines are hand tamable Threatened in wild
Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) date uncertain भारत fighting, pest control, pets Herpestes edwardsii at Hyderaba.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) date uncertain दक्षिण अमेरिका meat, pelt, skin, pets Capybara Hattiesburg Zoo (70909b-42) 2560x1600.jpg
Indian Palm Squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) Indian Palm Squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) date uncertain भारत pets Indian Palm Squirrel Bangalore 2009.jpg Easy to tame
Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) date uncertain भारत, पाकिस्तान meat, pets, fighting Grey Francolin RWD2.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) date uncertain चीन meat, ornamental, garden bird Male Golden Pheasant DC.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Date uncertain जापान, चीन meat, antlers Sikahjort.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Indian honey bee (Apis cerana indica) Indian honey bee (Apis cerana indica) Date uncertain भारत honey, pollination Apis indica.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Date uncertain जिम्बाब्वे, दक्षिण अफ्रिका, केन्या meat, milk, leather, hides, horns Common eland mara.jpg Domesticated in captivity
Ostrich (Struthio camelus) Ostrich (Struthio camelus) 19th century अफ्रिका meat, eggs, feathers, leather, fat, oil, mount, racing Ostriches cape point cropped.jpg Semidomesticated
Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) 1850s अष्ट्रेलिया pets, show, talking bird Melopsittacus undulatus -Zoo Atlanta-8a.jpg Plumage changes, some breeds are physically larger Fairly common in the wild and in captivity
Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) 1870s अष्ट्रेलिया pets, show, talking bird Nymphicus hollandicus -garden-8.jpg Common in the wild and in captivity
European mink (Mustela lutreola) युरोपan mink (Mustela lutreola) 1800s युरोप fur Mink1.jpg Held/tame in captivity
American mink (Neovison vison) American mink (Neovison vison) 19th century उत्तर अमेरिका fur, pets, ratting American mink geograph.co.uk 2083077.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) 1910s अष्ट्रेलिया, दक्षिण अफ्रीका research, food Drosophila melanogaster - side (aka).jpg
Yellow-collared Lovebird (Agapornis personatus) Yellow-collared Lovebird (Agapornis personatus) 1920s तान्जानिया pets Agapornis personatus -Serengeti, Tanzania-8.jpg
Fischer's Lovebird (Agapornis fischeri) Fischer's Lovebird (Agapornis fischeri) 1920s पूर्व-मध्य अफ्रीका pets Agapornis fischeri -Ueno Zoo, Japan -three-8a-4c.jpg
Crimsonspotted Rainbowfish (Melanotaenia duboulayi) Crimsonspotted Rainbowfish (Melanotaenia duboulayi) 1920s पूर्व अष्ट्रेलिया pets, pest control M duboulayi.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Long-tailed Chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) Long-tailed Chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) 1930s Andes pets, fur, research Chinchilla lanigera1.jpg Domesticated in captivity
Short-tailed Chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) Short-tailed Chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) 1930s Andes fur Chinchilla brevicaudata.jpg Raised in Captivity Critically endangered in the wild
Water flea (Daphnia magna) Water flea (Daphnia magna) 1930s उत्तर अमेरिका, युरेशिया, अफ्रीका research, animal feed Daphnia magna-female adult.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Moose (Alces alces) Moose (Alces alces) 1949 रसिया, फिनल्याण्ड, स्वीडेन research, milk, antlers Milkmaid-and-Moose-Cow-hp4080.jpg Domesticated in captivity
African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) 1950s दक्षिण अफ्रीका pets, research Xenopus laevis 1.jpg
Sea-Monkey (Artemia salina x nyos) Brine shrimp (Artemia salina) 1950s Lake Urmia, इरान pets SeaMonkiesInAquarium.JPG
Ball python (Python regius) Ball python (Python regius) 1960s अफ्रीका pets Ball python lucy.JPG Captive bred
Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia guttata) Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia guttata) 20th century अष्ट्रेलिया pets, show Zebra finch arp.jpg Domesticated in captivity
Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) Axolotl 20th century मेक्सिको research, pets Ambystoma mexicanum at Vancouver Aquarium.jpg Slight physical changes Critically endangered in the wild
Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) 20th century पाकिस्तान pets Gecko léopard femelle adulte.jpg Slight physical modification Somewhat common in captivity
American bison (Bison bison) American bison (Bison bison) 20th century उत्तर अमेरिका meat, leather, hides Tatanka.jpg Semidomesticated
Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella) Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella) 20th century अष्ट्रेलिया pets, show Neophema pulchella -Rainbow Jungle -Australia-8a.jpg
Green and black poison dart frog (Dendrobates auratus) Green and Black Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates auratus) Mid-to-late 20th century Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia pets Dendrobates auratus (Antwerp Zoo).jpg Slight physical changes; loss of toxicity
Diamond Dove (Geopelia cuneata) Diamond Dove (Geopelia cuneata) Date uncertain अष्ट्रेलिया pets Geopelia cuneata03.jpg Domesticated in captivity
Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) date uncertain Texas, मेक्सिको, Chihuahua pets Lampropeltis alterna.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Corn snake (Pantherophis gutttatus) Corn snake (Pantherophis guttatus) 1960s संयुक्त राज्य pets Kornnatter.jpg Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity, common in the wild
Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) 1960s संयुक्त राज्य wool, meat, milk Ovibos moschatus qtl3.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Central Bearded Dragon (Pogona vitticeps) Central Bearded Dragon (Pogona vitticeps) 1970s अष्ट्रेलिया pets Bartagame fcm.jpg slight physical changes
Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) 1980s अष्ट्रेलिया, इण्डोनेशिया, न्यू गिनी, Solomon Islands pets Eclectus roratus-20030511.jpg
Salmon-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) Salmon-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) 1980s Maluku Islands pets, show, talking bird Cacatua moluccensis - closeup of head.jpg
Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) 1980s अष्ट्रेलिया pets Petaurus breviceps 1.jpg Domesticated
Lawson's Dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) Lawson's Dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) 1980s अष्ट्रेलिया pets Pogona henrylawsoni.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) 1980s युरोप wax, pollination Bumblebee October 2007-3a.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Greater Rhea (Rhea americana) Greater Rhea (Rhea americana) 1990s दक्षिण अमेरिका meat, eggs, feathers, leather, fat, oil Rhea americana -Goiania, Goias, Brasil-8a.jpg Semidomesticated
Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) 1990s अष्ट्रेलिया meat, eggs, feathers, leather, fat, oil Emu-wild.jpg Semidomesticated
Degu (Octodon degus) Degu (Octodon degus) 1990s Chilean Andes pets, research Octodon degus -Heidelberg Zoo, Germany-8a.jpg
Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) 1990s मंगोलिया pets, research Golden Agouti Male 4-1-05.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) 1990s दक्षिण अमेरिका pets, meat, leather St Thomas Marriott Iguana 9 cropped.jpg Captive bred
Green Tree Python (Morelia viridis) Green Tree Python (Morelia viridis) mid-1990s न्यू गिनी, इण्डोनेशिया, अष्ट्रेलिया pets Morelia-viridis.jpg Captive bred
Red-tailed Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) Red-tailed Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) late 1990s अष्ट्रेलिया pets Red tailed Black Cockatoo in flight.jpg
Gouldian Finch (Erythrura gouldiae) Gouldian Finch (Erythrura gouldiae) late 1990s अष्ट्रेलिया pets, show Male adult Gouldian Finch.jpg
अष्ट्रेलियाn green tree frog (Litoria caerulea) अष्ट्रेलियाn Green Tree Frog late 20th century अष्ट्रेलिया pets Caerulea3 crop.jpg
Argentine Horned Frog (Ceratophrys ornata) Argentine Horned Frog late 20th century अर्जेन्टिना pets Argentine Horned Frog (Ceratophrys ornata)1.JPG
Cranwell's horned frog (Ceratophrys cranwelli) Cranwell's Horned Frog late 20th century अर्जेन्टिना pets Cranwell's horned frog.jpg
Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) 2000s इंग्ल्याण्ड, रसिया meat, pets Carassius carassius Prague Vltava 2.jpg
King Quail (Coturnix chinensis) King Quail (Coturnix chinensis) date uncertain एशिया, अष्ट्रेलिया pets Excalfactoria chinensis (aka).jpg
Lowland Paca (Cuniculus paca) Lowland Paca (Cuniculus paca) Date uncertain मेक्सिको, अर्जेन्टिना meat, pets Cuniculus paca.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Steppe Lemming (Lagurus lagurus) Steppe Lemming (Lagurus lagururs) Date uncertain Steppes pets Lagurus lagurus.jpg
Pale Gerbil (Gerbillus perpallidus) Pale Gerbil (Gerbillus perpallidus) Date uncertain इजिप्ट pets Perpallidus.jpg
Persian jird (Meriones persicus) Persian jird (Meriones persicus) Date uncertain इरान pets Meriones persicus.jpg
Fat-tailed Gerbil (Pachyuromys duprasi) Fat-tailed Gerbil (Pachyuromys duprasi) Date uncertain इजिप्ट, लिबिया, ट्युनिसिया, अल्जेरिया pets Pachyuromys-duprasi PeterMaas.jpg
Black Spiny-tailed Iguana (Ctenosaura similis) Black Spiny-tailed Iguana (Ctenosaura similis) date uncertain मध्य अमेरिका pets, meat CtenosauraSimilis.jpg Captive bred
Western Rosella (Platycercus icterotis) Western Rosella (Platycercus icterotis) Date uncertain दक्षिणपश्चिम अष्ट्रेलिया pets Platycercus icterotis1.jpg
Red-eared Slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) Pond Slider (Trachemys scripta) date uncertain संयुक्त राज्य pets, meat Sheldonbasking.JPG Easy to domesticate Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild
Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) date uncertain भारत, श्रीलंका pets Rostkatze Zoo Berlin.JPG Easy to domesticate
Star Finch (Neochmia ruficauda) Star Finch (Neochmia ruficauda) date uncertain अष्ट्रेलिया pets, show Neochmia ruficauda (aka).jpg
Tarantula (Brachypelma smithi) Mexican redknee tarantula (Brachypelma smithi) Date uncertain मेक्सिको pets, research Brachypelma smithi 2009 G09.jpg Common in captivity, getting rare in the wild.
Eurasian Siskin (Carduelis spinus) Eurasian Siskin (Carduelis spinus) date uncertain युरोप, एशिया pets, singing Carduelis spinus male.jpg
Crested Gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Crested Gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Date uncertain New Caledonia pets Gekkoninae Rhacodactylus ciliatus tete.png Captive bred Somewhat common in captivity, nearly extinct in wild
Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Date uncertain पश्चिम अफ्रीका pets Cusimanse.jpg Captive bred
Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Date uncertain Thailand, इण्डोनेशिया meat, pets Kissfish.jpg Domesticated
Piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri) Red-bellied piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri) Date uncertain दक्षिण अमेरिका meat, pets, research, fighting Gregory Moine - Red bellied Piranha (by).jpg Semidomesticated Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild
Dubia roach (Blaptica dubia) Dubia roach (Blaptica dubia) Date uncertain मध्य र दक्षिण अमेरिका animal feed, pets Dubia-cockroach-female-near-ruler.jpg

सन्दर्भ सामग्री[सम्पादन गर्ने]

  1. Animal Domestication - Table of Dates and Places of Animal Domestication
  2. MSNBC : World's first dog lived 31,700 years ago, ate big
  3. Krebs, Robert E. & Carolyn A. (2003), Groundbreaking Scientific Experiments, Inventions & Discoveries of the Ancient World, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, ISBN 0-313-31342-3 
  4. Simmons, Paula (2001), Storey's Guide to Raising Sheep, North Adams, MA: Storey Publishing LLC, ISBN 978-1-58017-262-2 
  5. Giuffra E, Kijas JM, Amarger V, Carlborg O, Jeon JT, Andersson L (April 2000), "The origin of the domestic pig: independent domestication र subsequent introgression", Genetics 154(4): 1785–91, PMID 10747069, <http://www.genetics.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=10747069> 
  6. Melinda A. Zeder, Goat busters track domestication (Physiologic changes and evolution of goats into a domesticated animal), April 2000.
  7. Late Neolithic megalithic structures at Nabta Playa (Sahara), southwestern Egypt.
  8. Source : Laboratoire de Préhistoire et Protohistoire de l'Ouest de la France [१], (फ्रेन्च).
  9. [२], domestication of the cat on Cyprus, National Geographic.
  10. "Oldest Known Pet Cat? 95DOGGIES00-Year-Old Burial Found on Cyprus", 2004-04-08 
  11. Muir, Hazel. "Ancient remains could be oldest pet cat", New Scientist, 2004-04-08. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति:2007-11-23.
  12. Walton, Marsha. "Ancient burial looks like human and pet cat", CNN, April 9, 2004. अन्तिम पहुँच मिति:2007-11-23.
  13. West B., Zhou B-X. (1989), "Did chickens go north? New evidence for domestication" (PDF), World’s Poultry Science Journal 45(3): 205–18, doi: 10.1079/WPS19890012 , <http://web.archive.org/web/20040729044604/http://www.adelaide.edu.au/ANZCCART/publications/dom_chicken.pdf> 
  14. History of the Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus) in South America, a summary of the current state of knowledge
  15. Beja-Pereira, Albano, et al. (18 June 2004), "African Origins of the Domestic Donkey", Science 304(1781), PMID 15205528, doi 10.1126/science.1096008, [New Scientist Lay summary] 
  16. Roger Blench, The history and spread of donkeys in AfricaPDF (235 KB)
  17. The Domestication of the Horse; see also Domestication of the horse
  18. १८.० १८.१ १८.२ १८.३ १८.४ D.L Johnson and B.K. Swartz, Jr. Evidence for Pre-Columbian Animal Domestication in the New World
  19. Guinea Fowl
  20. Interesting Rabbit Domestication History
  21. name="Guideon, et. al." Guideon, Khoo (2002), "Genetic Diversity within र Among Feral Populations र Domesticated Strains of the Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) in Singapore", Marine Biotechnology 4(4): 367-378, doi: 10.1007/s10126-002-0007-z , <https://springerlink3.metapress.com/content/cg01hmdybtb8kmjl/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf&sid=4mp2w541s41s4gkiqhs1dq0x&sh=www.springerlink.com>. Retrieved on ३ अक्टोबर २०१२